Chiral phase transition in hadronic matter at non-zero baryon density


A qualitative analysis of the chiral phase transition in QCD at non--zero baryon density is performed. It is assumed that at zero baryonic density, ρ=0\rho=0, the temperature phase transition is of the second order and quark condesate η==<0dˉd0>\eta= \mid \mid =\mid< 0 \mid \bar{d}d\mid 0 >\mid may be taken as order parameter of phase transition. It is demonstrated, that the proportionality of baryon masses to quark condensate in the power 1/3, mB1/3m_B \sim \mid \mid^{1/3} is valid in the wide interval of quark condensate values. By supposing, that such specific dependence of baryon masses on quark condensate takes place up to phase transition point, it is shown, that at finite baryon density ρ\rho the phase transition becomes of the first order at the temperature T=Tph(ρ)T=T_{\mathrm{ph}}(\rho) for ρ>0\rho>0. At temperatures Tcont(ρ)>T>Tph(ρ)T_{\mathrm{cont}}(\rho) > T > T_{\mathrm{ph}}(\rho) there is a mixed phase consisting of the quark phase (stable) and the hadron phase (unstable). At the temperature T=Tcont(ρ)T = T_{\mathrm{cont}}(\rho) the system experiences a continuous transition to the pure chirally symmetric phase.Comment: 9 pages, 6 figures, Invited talk at 13-th International Seminar "Quarks-2004",Pushkinskie Gory, May 24-30, 2004, to be published in the Proceedings. v2. References are correcte

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