Antisense locked nucleic acid gapmers to control Candida albicans filamentation


Whereas locked nucleic acid (LNA) has been extensively used to control gene expression, it has never been exploited to control Candida virulence genes. Thus, the main goal of this work was to compare the efficacy of five different LNA-based antisense oligonucleotides (ASO) with respect to the ability to control EFG1 gene expression, to modulate filamentation and to reduce C. albicans virulence. In vitro, all LNA-ASOs were able to significantly reduce C. albicans filamentation and to control EFG1 gene expression. Using the in vivo Galleria mellonella model, important differences among the five LNA-ASOs were revealed in terms of C. albicans virulence reduction. The inclusion of PS-linkage and palmitoyl-2-amino-LNA chemical modification in these five LNA gapmers proved to be the most promising combination, increasing the survival of G. mellonella by 40%. Our work confirms that LNA-ASOs are useful tools for research and therapeutic development in the candidiasis field.This study was supported by the Portuguese Foundation forScience and Technology (FCT) under the strategic funding of UIDB/04469/2020 unit and BioTecNorte operation (NORTE-01-0145-FEDER-000004) funded by the European RegionalDevelopment Fund under the scope of Norte2020-ProgramaOperacional Regional do Norte and Daniela Eira Araújo [SFRH/BD/121417/2016] PhD grant. The authors also acknowledge theproject funding by the“02/SAICT/2017–Projetos de Investiga-ção Científica e Desenvolvimento Tecnológico (IC&DT)–POCI-01-0145-FEDER-028893”. VILLUM Fonden is acknowledgedfor funding the Biomolecular Nano-scale Engineering Center(BioNEC), a Villum center of excellence, grant numberVKR18333. Funding received by iBB-Institute for Bioengineer-ing and Biosciences from FCT (UID/BIO/04565/2020) andPrograma Operacional Regional de Lisboa 2020 (Project No.007317) is also acknowledged. We acknowledge Dr. LucíliaGoreti Pinto, Life and Health Sciences Research Institute(ICVS), School of Medicine, University of Minho, forprocessing and sectioningG. mellonellatissue samples.The authors declare no conflict of

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