Poincar\'{e}'s Observation and the Origin of Tsallis Generalized Canonical Distributions


In this paper, we present some geometric properties of the maximum entropy (MaxEnt) Tsallis- distributions under energy constraint. In the case q > 1, these distributions are proved to be marginals of uniform distributions on the sphere; in the case q < 1, they can be constructed as conditional distribu- tions of a Cauchy law built from the same uniform distribution on the sphere using a gnomonic projection. As such, these distributions reveal the relevance of using Tsallis distributions in the microcanonical setup: an example of such application is given in the case of the ideal gas.Comment: 2 figure

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