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Measurements of streaming motions of the Galactic bar with Red Clump Giants

Abstract

We report a measurement of the streaming motion of the stars in the Galactic bar with the Red Clump Giants (RCGs) using the data of the Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment II (OGLE-II). We measure the proper motion of 46,961 stars and divide RCGs into bright and faint sub-samples which on average will be closer to the near and far side of the bar, respectively. We find that the far-side RCGs (4,979 stars) have a proper motion of \Delta ~ 1.5 +- 0.11 mas yr^{-1} toward the negative l relative to the near-side RCGs (3,610 stars). This result can be explained by stars in the bar rotating around the Galactic center in the same direction as the Sun with v_b ~ 100 km s^{-1}. In the Disc Star (DS) and Red Giant (RG) samples, we do not find significant difference between bright and faint sub-samples. For those samples \Delta \~ 0.3 +- 0.14 mas yr^{-1} and ~ 0.03 +- 0.14 mas yr^{-1}, respectively. It is likely that the average proper motion of RG stars is the same as that of the Galactic center. The proper motion of DSs with respect to RGs is ~ 3.3 mas yr^{-1} toward positive l. This value is consistent with the expectations for a flat rotation curve and Solar motion with respect to local standard of rest. RGs have proper motion approzimately equal to the average of bright and faint RCGs, which implies that they are on average near the center of the bar. This pilot project demonstrates that OGLE-II data may be used to study streaming motions of stars in the Galactic bar. We intend to extend this work to all 49 OGLE-II fields in the Galactic bulge region.Comment: 7 pages, 9 figures, submitted to MNRA

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    Last time updated on 04/12/2019