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The Observational Case for Jupiter Being a Typical Massive Planet

Abstract

We identify a subsample of the recently detected extrasolar planets that is minimally affected by the selection effects of the Doppler detection method. With a simple analysis we quantify trends in the surface density of this subsample in the period - Msin(i) plane. A modest extrapolation of these trends puts Jupiter in the most densely occupied region of this parameter space, thus indicating that Jupiter is a typical massive planet rather than an outlier. Our analysis suggests that Jupiter is more typical than indicated by previous analyses. For example, instead of M_Jup mass exoplanets being twice as common as 2 M_Jup exoplanets, we find they are three times as common.Comment: 17 pages, 6 figures, conforms to version accepted for publication in "Astrobiology", includes new comparison with microlensing constraints on Jupiter-like planet

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    Last time updated on 01/04/2019