The emerging quantum technology industry: capital cities, entrepreneurship, and policy


This paper provides an empirical account of the evolution of the key emerging technology, quantum technology. It presents a survey of academic and industry sources to explore the current position of Washington DC and London UK as concentrations of relevant innovation activity. It explores the conditions under which certain parts of the innovation process are located in these two capital cities. Elements of the innovation process include the presence of start-up businesses and the emergence of quantum industry clusters in these two places. Also of note is the gender dimension in the commercialisation process, specifically the underrepresentation of female entrepreneurs and senior decision-makers

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