Spontaneous Fermi surface symmetry breaking in bilayered systems


We perform a comprehensive numerical study of d-wave Fermi surface deformations (dFSD) on a square lattice, the so-called d-wave Pomeranchuk instability, including bilayer coupling. Since the order parameter corresponding to the dFSD has Ising symmetry, there are two stacking patterns between the layeres, (+,+) and (+,-). This additional degree of freedom gives rise to a rich variety of phase diagrams. The phase diagrams are classified by means of the energy scale Lambda_{z}, which is defined as the bilayer splitting at the saddle points of the in-plane band dispersion. As long as Lambda_{z} ne 0, a major stacking pattern is usually (+,-), and (+,+) stacking is stabilized as a dominant pattern only when the temperature scale of the dFSD instability becomes much smaller than Lambda_z. For Lambda_{z}=0, the phase diagram depends on the precise form of the bilayer dispersion. We also analyze the effect of a magnetic field on the bilayer model in connection with a possible dFSD instability in the bilyared ruthenate Sr_3Ru_2O_7.Comment: 18 pages, 7 figure

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