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Electronic structure of heavily-doped graphene: the role of foreign atom states

Abstract

Using density functional theory calculations we investigate the electronic structure of graphene doped by deposition of foreign atoms. We demonstrate that, as the charge transfer to the graphene layer increases, the band structure of the pristine graphene sheet is substantially affected. This is particularly relevant when Ca atoms are deposed on graphene at CaC6_{6} stoichiometry. Similarly to what happens in superconducting graphite intercalated compounds, a Ca bands occurs at the Fermi level. Its hybridization with the C states generates a strong non-linearity in one of the π∗\pi^{*} bands below the Fermi level, at energies comparable to the graphene E2g_{2g} phonon frequency. This strong non-linearity, and not manybody effects as previously proposed, explains the large and anisotropic values of the apparent electron-phonon coupling measured in angular resolved photoemission.Comment: 4 pages, 2 figures, see also M. Calandra and F. Mauri,arXiv:0707.146

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