ASB4 promotes JAR cell-mediated endothelial apoptosis and stabilization of endothelial cell networks.

Abstract

<p>A) JAR cells expressing ASB4 promote 2H-11 cell apoptosis. JAR cells were transfected with vector, <i>Asb4</i>, <i>Asb4</i> and wild-type <i>Id2</i>, or <i>Asb4</i> and DR-<i>Id2</i> prior to being seeded on top of 2H-11 monolayers. TUNEL-positive cells were counted and are presented as the percent of total endothelial cells within the field in panel B. <i>Asb4</i>-transfected cells increase apoptosis of the underlying endothelial cells, even when transfected with wild-type <i>Id2</i>. DR-<i>Id2</i> co-transfected with <i>Asb4</i> inhibits JAR-mediated 2H-11 apoptosis. * p<0.01 as compared to vector/vector. † p<0.01 compared to <i>Asb4</i>-only transfection. C) JAR cells transfected with <i>Asb4</i> promote endothelial tube stability. 2H-11 cells were placed on Matrigel and allowed to form tube-like networks. JAR cells transfected as in A were then plated on the networks, and total network area was measured at the times indicated. JAR cells expressing DR-ID2 destabilize 2H-11 cell networks at 16 hours, while cells expressing ASB4 or ASB4 and wild-type ID2 maintained the size of these 2H-11 cell networks compared to vector transfected cells at 48 hours after plating (D).* p<0.05, *** p<0.01 as compared to vector/vector.</p

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