Rapid and Efficient Multiple Healing of Flexible Conductive Films by Near-Infrared Light Irradiation

Abstract

Healable, electrically conductive films are essential for the fabrication of reliable electronic devices to reduce their replacement and maintenance costs. Here we report the fabrication of near-infrared (NIR) light-enabled healable, highly electrically conductive films by depositing silver nanowires (AgNWs) on polycaprolactone (PCL)/poly­(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) composite films. The bilayer film has sheet resistance as low as 0.25 Ω·sq<sup>–1</sup> and shows good flexibility to repeated bending/unbending treatments. Multiple healing of electrical conductivity lose caused by cuts of several tens of micrometers wide on the bilayer film can be conveniently achieved by irradiating the film with mild NIR light. The AgNW layer functions not only as an electrical conductor but also as a NIR light-induced heater to initiate the healing of PCL/PVA film, which then imparts its healability to the conductive AgNW layer

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