Mapping of the PKAN-linked Pank2 Y227C mutation onto the Pank3 structure und partial alignment of human Pank proteins.

Abstract

<p>A) Pank3 dimer structure (PDB ID 2i7P) is shown in blue (chain A) and yellow (chain B), respectively. B) The magnification reveals a polar interaction (dashed line) in the WT Pank3 between Y27 (magenta, corresponding to Y227 in Pank2) and R49 (green, corresponding to R249 in Pank2). Side chains of F14, L25, L45 and I85 (cyan) are in close proximity to Y27 (less than 5 Ångström) constituting a hydrophobic environment around it. C) A partial multiple alignment of human Pank proteins, Pank2 (GI: 85838513), Pank1 (GI:23510400) and Pank3 (GI:119581908) is shown. Elements of secondary structure, helices (α) and β-strands (-) are indicated above and numbered accordingly. Known sites of PKAN missense mutations are boxed in yellow, the Pank2 Y227 site described here is boxed in magenta, the Pank2 R249 site which is in polar contact with Pank2 Y227 and is itself a known PKAN-linked Pank2 mutation is boxed in green. D) The magnification shows the effect of a Pank3 Y27C mutation (magenta) corresponding to the PKAN-linked Pank2 Y227C mutation disrupting the tyrosine-specific polar contact and local hydrophobic packing. PANK3 structure views and mutation Y27C were edited and modeled by PyMOL (<a href="http://www.pymol.org/" target="_blank">http://www.pymol.org/</a>). The contact map of Y27 was calculated using the Protein Interactions Calculator (PIC) server [<a href="http://www.plosone.org/article/info:doi/10.1371/journal.pone.0125861#pone.0125861.ref024" target="_blank">24</a>].</p

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