The N-terminal domain of PrP<sup>C</sup> is essential for PrP<sup>Sc</sup>-induced dendritic spine loss.

Abstract

<p>Hippocampal neurons from Tg(Δ23–111) mice (<b>A-D</b>) and Tg(Δ23–31) mice (<b>E-H</b>) (both on the <i>Prn-p</i><sup>0/0</sup> background) were treated for 24 hr with 4.4 μg/ml of PrP<sup>Sc</sup> purified without proteases (<b>B, F</b>), or with an equivalent amount of mock-purified material from uninfected brains (<b>A, E</b>). Neurons were then fixed and stained with Alexa 488-phalloidin. Scale bar in panel F = 20 μm (applicable to panels A, B, E). Pooled measurements of spine number (<b>C, G</b>) and area (<b>D, H</b>) were collected from 20–24 cells from 4 independent experiments. N.S., not significantly different by Student’s t-test.</p

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