Typical EPG waveforms identified from <i>Sogatella furcifera</i> on rice and corn plants.


<p>np: non-penetration, N1: penetration initiation, N2: salivation and stylet movement, N3: extracellular stylet activity near the phloem region, N4-a: intracellular stylet activity in the phloem region without ingestion, N4-b: phloem sap ingestion, N5: stylets in the xylem tissue.</p

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