Live staining and aptamer specificity.


<p>(<b>A</b>) Simple scheme describing the procedure to stain living cells using aptamers or antibodies (probes). Cells are incubated with aptamer or antibodies allowing the internalization of the probes by the endocytosis of the receptor. (<b>B</b>) Aptamers against EGFR, ErbB2 and Epha2 were used to live-stain human cell lines expressing these receptors (A431, SKB3 and HeLa cells respectively). A control aptamer with randomized sequence of equivalent length and coupled to the same fluorophore was used to stain these cell lines. Additionally, cell lines that do not express such receptors were used as negative control cells (MCF7 cells are negative for EGFR and ErbB2; HEK293 cells are negative for Epha2). Both controls, the cell lines not expressing the receptor and the randomized aptamer show virtually no aptamer signal (nuclei were DAPI stained, displayed in blue). All images were acquired using an epifluorescence microscope with the same settings and they are equally scaled to allow a direct comparison. Scale bar represents 5 μm.</p

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