Energy Consumption and Exergy Analysis of MEA-Based and Hydrate-Based CO<sub>2</sub> Separation

Abstract

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is regarded as the most efficient approach in handling the global warming crisis. MEA-based CO<sub>2</sub> capture is a well-developed chemical absorption method with a long period of industrial application. A novel hydrate-based gas separation (HBGS) method, with a wide range of advantages, has recently received special attention from researchers. In this study, two different CO<sub>2</sub> separation processes were simulated utilizing Aspen Plus software. The feasibility of both processes was validated, and the process energy consumption and exergy loss were also compared at the same flue gas condition. Some efforts have also been made to investigate the effects of different operation parameters on the process energy efficiency. Results show that the first law efficiency of the MEA-based CO<sub>2</sub> separation system is 88.19% and the second law efficiency of the system is 38.32%, while the corresponding values of the hydrate-based separation system are 74.15% and 38.85%, respectively. Cooling of the lean amine solution and the regeneration process occupy the largest portion of exergy loss in the MEA separation system. In the hydration separation, the flue gas compression and cooling are the major causes for exergy loss

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