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A simple algorithm for finding a maximum triangle-free 2-matching in subcubic graphs

Abstract

AbstractIn this paper, we consider the problem of finding a maximum weight 2-matching containing no cycle of a length of at most three in a weighted simple graph, which we call the weighted triangle-free 2-matching problem. Although the polynomial solvability of this problem is still open in general graphs, a polynomial-time algorithm is given by Hartvigsen and Li for the problem in subcubic graphs, i.e., graphs with a maximum degree of at most three. Our contribution is to provide another polynomial-time algorithm for the weighted triangle-free 2-matching problem in subcubic graphs. Our algorithm consists of two basic algorithms: a steepest ascent algorithm and a classical maximum weight2-matching algorithm, and is justified by fundamental results from the theory of discrete convex functions on jump systems

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