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An Analytical Model of Residual Stress for Flank Milling of Ti-6Al-4V

Abstract

AbstractResidual stress is one of the most critical parameters in surface integrity, which has a great impact on fatigue life of the machined components. While the flank milling of titanium alloy Ti-6Al-4V has been widely applied to the manufacture of jet engine for its high productivity in aerospace industry, prediction of residual stress induced by this process is seldom reported. In this paper, an analytical model of residual stress is proposed, based on comprehensive analysis of the mechanical loading during flank milling. For the first time, the sequential discontinuous variable loading feature of flank milling is taken into consideration. An incremental elasto-plastic method followed by a relaxation procedure is used to get the stress-strain history of an arbitrary point in the subsurface so as to predict the residual stress retained in the workpiece after several loading cycles. We find that during the last phase in which the machined surface is generated, the main load comes from the plough effect of cutting edge as the uncut depth approaches zero. The simulation results indicate that the flank milled surface shows more compressive residual stress in the axial direction than in the feed direction. To validate the prediction, a series of cutting tests are conducted on Ti-6Al-4V using finish parameters and X-ray diffraction is utilized to obtain the residual stress

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