Trends and determinants of postabortion contraception use in a Canadian retrospective cohort.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: We aim to describe demographic trends associated with postabortion contraceptive choice, characteristics of intrauterine device (IUD) users and relation to subsequent abortion. STUDY DESIGN: Our retrospective chart review study included all patients obtaining an abortion from 2003 to 2010 at the primary service provider in the Interior Health Region of British Columbia, tracking each patient for 5 years to detect subsequent abortion. We used descriptive statistics to analyze demographic trends and logistic regression to examine determinants of choosing an IUD and likelihood of subsequent abortion per contraceptive method. RESULTS: Our study cohort included 5206 patients, 1247 (24.0%) of whom chose an IUD. Patients increased IUD use from 10.14% to 45.74% of the cohort over the study period. Mean age of those choosing an IUD significantly decreased over the study period [30.9±7.3 years in 2003 to 26.2±6.5 years in 2010 (p<.001)]. In multivariable analysis, factors associated with choosing an IUD postabortion were prior delivery [aOR=2.77 (95% CI 2.40-3.20)] and being older than 20 years [20-29 years: AOR=1.87 (1.51-2.32); or 30+ years: AOR=1.96 (1.54-2.50)]. Patients choosing an IUD were less likely to have a subsequent abortion compared to those selecting oral contraceptives [aOR=1.96 (95% CI 1.54-2.52)] or depomedroxyprogesterone acetate [aOR=1.84 (95% CI 1.36-2.49)]. CONCLUSIONS: We found an increasing trend of choosing an IUD after an abortion in our population, especially among youth. Patients who chose an IUD postabortion were less likely to have a subsequent abortion over the next 5 years. IMPLICATIONS: An important strategy for reducing subsequent abortion is to ensure that those seeking abortion have accurate information on the comparative effectiveness of postabortion contraception methods. Educational efforts, alongside removal of cost and other barriers, will contribute to the prevention of subsequent abortion and improve equitable access to IUDs among the population

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