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Subarachnoid Haemorrhage in Malta : Are outcomes adversely affected due to lack of a local neurovascular service?

Abstract

Objective: This study was performed to assess the incidence, treatment and outcome of non-traumatic Subarachnoid Haemorrhage (SAH) in an island which does not offer a neurovascular service and to determine whether such limitation is associated with a poor outcome. Method: Data of adult patients with a diagnosis of non-traumatic SAH was analysed retrospectively over a two-year period from January 01, 2009 to December 31, 2010. Results: The incidence of SAH in Malta is 3.16 cases per 100 000 population per year. An underlying aneurysm was found in 50% of all cases investigated with angiography. These patients were transported to the United Kingdom for definitve management and the outcome of all these patients at 6 months was excellent. (modified Rankin Scale of 0 or 1). Conclusions: With the incidence of non-traumatic SAH being in the low range, setting up an interventional neuroradiology service in our country to treat aneurysmal SAH would not have the required numbers to maintain expertise and would probably translate into worse clinical outcomes. Despite having geographical and logistic limitations, our standards of care and survival rates are not below those of other international centres. Outcomes for patients with low initial Hunt and Hess scores have not been adversely.peer-reviewe

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