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Funded pension schemes: Economic effects and policy implications

Abstract

This paper reviews alternative pension systems and examines the arguments in favour of funded pension schemes. The benefits of the latter derive mainly from long-term economic efficiency gains rather than from the immediate relief of pressures on the fiscal balance. Indeed, the transition towards a funded scheme could imply an increase in government expenditure in the short run. Fiscal consolidation and the attainment of equilibrium in the external balance are essential prerequisites for a move towards a funded pension system to be conducted successfully.pension reform, funded pension systems, economics of ageing

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