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Energy relaxation rate and its mesoscopic fluctuations in quantum dots

Abstract

We analyze the applicability of the Fermi-golden-rule description of quasiparticle relaxation in a closed diffusive quantum dot with electron-electron interaction. Assuming that single-particle levels are already resolved but the initial stage of quasiparticle disintegration can still be described by a simple exponential decay, we calculate the average inelastic energy relaxation rate of single-particle excitations and its mesoscopic fluctuations. The smallness of mesoscopic fluctuations can then be used as a criterion for the validity of the Fermi-golden-rule description. Technically, we implement the real-space Keldysh diagram technique, handling correlations in the quasi-discrete spectrum non-perturbatively by means of the non-linear supersymmetric sigma model. The unitary symmetry class is considered for simplicity. Our approach is complementary to the lattice-model analysis of Fock space: thought we are not able to describe many-body localization, we derive the exact lowest-order expression for mesoscopic fluctuations of the relaxation rate, making no assumptions on the matrix elements of the interaction. It is shown that for the quasiparticle with the energy ε\varepsilon on top of the thermal state with the temperature TT, fluctuations of its energy width become large and the Fermi-golden-rule description breaks down at max{ε,T}Δg\max\{\varepsilon,T\}\sim\Delta\sqrt{g}, where Δ\Delta is the mean level spacing in the quantum dot, and gg is its dimensionless conductance.Comment: 33 pages, 9 figure

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