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Quadratic maps with a periodic critical point of period 2

Abstract

We provide a complete classification of possible graphs of rational preperiodic points of endomorphisms of the projective line of degree 2 defined over the rationals with a rational periodic critical point of period 2, under the assumption that these maps have no periodic points of period at least 7. We explain how this extends results of Poonen on quadratic polynomials. We show that there are 13 possible graphs, and that such maps have at most 9 rational preperiodic points. We provide data related to the analogous classification of graphs of endomorphisms of degree 2 with a rational periodic critical point of period 3 or 4.Comment: Updated theorem 2 to rule out the cases of quadratic maps with a rational periodic critical point of period 2 and a rational periodic point of period 5 or

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