当前中国大学教学中的儒家思想 = The Confucius’ Traces in Current Chinese University Teaching = Las huellas confucianas en la enseñanza universitaria china actual

Abstract

《论语》的深入研究让我们了解了孔子的社会思想是如何形成的。师父一直主张 通过社会中的个人教育来实现社会改革。他希望通过培养理想的生活方式和充分发展个人的 个性来发展理想的社会秩序。通过多年的经验和对教学和学习中国教师和学生行为的深入分 析,已经证明儒家教学的主要原则仍然存在于教师,班级监督员和学生等关键人物中; 以及决 定教学的几个因素,如动机,教师的谴责,学生的羞怯和对概念的记忆。此外,将欧洲教师 与中国教师进行比较尤为重要,因为前者主要受希腊罗马哲学和启蒙思想家的影响; 后者受到 孔子思想的极大影响,尽管他们出生于2500多年前。 The study in-depth of The Analects gives us an idea of how the Confucius’ ideas for society were. The Master always advocated bringing social reforms through the education of individuals in society. He wanted to develop an ideal social order through the cultivation of ideal lifestyles and the full development of the personality of the individuals. Through years of experience and the thorough analysis of the behaviour of Chinese teachers and students when teaching and learning it has been shown that the main principles of Confucian teachings are still present in crucial figures such as the teacher, the class monitor and the students; as well as in several factors that determine the teaching such as motivation, the teacher's reprimand, the students’ shyness and the memorization of concepts. Furthermore, it is particularly important to compare the European teacher with the Chinese one, since the former is mainly influenced by the Greco-Roman philosophy and the thinkers of the Enlightenment; the latter is tremendously influenced by the ideas of Confucius despite the fact that they were born more than 2,500 years ag

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