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‘Pakshi Pitti’: a robust haven for pelagic birds in the Indian Ocean

Abstract

India, a land of distinct climatic and geographic zones, supports a remarkable diversity of avian fauna within both its mainland and its seas. There are over 1200 species of birds recorded in India, with the majority occurring in the mainland (Praveen et al., 2016). Surrounded by extensive marine zones on its three sides, territorial waters and marginal seas around India form seamless habitats for a significant number of marine avian species. Seventy species of marine birds are observed in the region (BirdLife International 2015). These include predominantly open oceanic species like frigate birds, tropicbirds, shearwaters and petrels which are winter visitors or vagrants, but birds like gulls and terns are more commonly found along the coastal waters of India

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