Exotic phase separation in one-dimensional hard-core boson system with two- and three-body interactions


We investigate the ground state phase diagram of hard-core boson system with repulsive two-body and attractive three-body interactions in one-dimensional optic lattice. When these two interactions are comparable and increasing the hopping rate, physically intuitive analysis indicates that there exists an exotic phase separation regime between the solid phase with charge density wave order and superfluid phase. We identify these phases and phase transitions by numerically analyzing the density distribution, structure factor of density-density correlation function, three-body correlation function and von Neumann entropy estimator obtained by density matrix renormalization group method. These exotic phases and phase transitions are expected to be observed in the ultra-cold polar molecule experiments by properly tuning interaction parameters, which is constructive to understand the physics of ubiquitous insulating-superconducting phase transitions in condensed matter systems

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