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Wind braking of magnetars: to understand magnetar's multiwave radiation properties

Abstract

Magnetars are proposed to be peculiar neutron stars powered by their super strong magnetic field. Observationally, anomalous X-ray pulsars and soft gamma-ray repeaters are believed to be magnetar candidates. While more and more multiwave observations of magnetars are available, unfortunately, we see accumulating failed predictions of the traditional magnetar model. These challenges urge rethinking of magnetar. Wind braking of magnetars is one of the alternative modelings. The release of magnetic energy may generate a particle outflow (i.e., particle wind), that results in both an anomalous X-ray luminosity and significantly high spindown rate. In this wind braking scenario, only strong multipole field is necessary for a magnetar (a strong dipole field is no longer needed). Wind braking of magnetars may help us to understand their multiwave radiation properties, including (1) Non-detection of magnetars in Fermi-LAT observations, (2) The timing behaviors of low magnetic field magnetars, (3) The nature of anti-glitches, (4) The criterion for magnetar's radio emission, etc. In the wind braking model of magentars, timing events of magnetars should always be accompanied by radiative events. It is worth noting that the wind engine should be the central point in the research since other efforts with any reasonable energy mechanism may also reproduce the results.Comment: 6 pages, 1 figure, submitted to conference proceeding of SMFNS2013 (Strong electromagnetic field and neutron stars 2013

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