Uniform Infall toward the Cometary H II Region in the G34.26+0.15 Complex?


Gas accretion is a key process in star formation. However, the gas infall detections in high-mass star forming regions with high-spatial resolution observations are rare. Here we report the detection of gas infall towards a cometary ultracompact H{\sc ii} region "C" in G34.26+0.15 complex. The hot core associated with "C" has a mass of ∼\sim76 M_{\sun} and a volume density of 1.1Γ—108\times10^{8} cmβˆ’3^{-3}. The HCN (3--2), HCO+^{+} (1--0) lines observed by single-dishes and the CN (2--1) lines observed by the SMA show redshifted absorption features, indicating gas infall. We found a linear relationship between the line width and optical depth of the CN (2--1) lines. Those transitions with larger optical depth and line width have larger absorption area. However, the infall velocities measured from different lines seem to be constant, indicating the gas infall is uniform. We also investigated the evolution of gas infall in high-mass star forming regions. At stages prior to hot core phase, the typical infall velocity and mass infall rate are ∼\sim 1 km sβˆ’1^{-1} and ∼10βˆ’4\sim10^{-4} M_{\sun}\cdotyrβˆ’1^{-1}, respectively. While in more evolved regions, the infall velocity and mass infall rates can reach as high as serval km sβˆ’1^{-1} and ∼10βˆ’3βˆ’10βˆ’2\sim10^{-3}-10^{-2} M_{\sun}\cdotyrβˆ’1^{-1}, respectively. Accelerated infall has been detected towards some hypercompact H{\sc ii} and ultracompact H{\sc ii} regions. However, the acceleration phenomenon becomes inapparent in more evolved ultracompact H{\sc ii} regions (e.g. G34.26+0.15)

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