An identity of hitting times and its application to the valuation of guaranteed minimum withdrawal benefit


In this paper we explore an identity in distribution of hitting times of a finite variation process (Yor's process) and a diffusion process (geometric Brownian motion with affine drift), which arise from various applications in financial mathematics. As a result, we provide analytical solutions to the fair charge of variable annuity guaranteed minimum withdrawal benefit (GMWB) from a policyholder's point of view, which was only previously obtained in the literature by numerical methods. We also use complex inversion methods to derive analytical solutions to the fair charge of the GMWB from an insurer's point of view, which is used in the market practice, however, based on Monte Carlo simulations. Despite of their seemingly different formulations, we can prove under certain assumptions the two pricing approaches are equivalent.Comment: 25 pages, 2 figure

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