The use of lanthanide triflates in the preparation of poly(thiourethane) covalent adaptable networks

Abstract

Covalent adaptable networks (CANs) are new polymeric materials with the mechanical properties of thermosets and the possibility of being recycled like thermoplastics. Poly(thiourethane) networks have demonstrated vitrimeric-like behavior at high temperatures due to the trans-thiocarbamoylation process, which Lewis acids and bases can accelerate. In this study, we report the use of lanthanide triflates (La, Sm, Dy, Er, and Yb) as Lewis acid catalysts, a greener alternative to other metallic catalysts as dibutyltin dilaurate (DBTDL) widely used in poly (urethane) and poly(thiourethane) networks. Moreover, they are not as reactive as DBTDL, and the curing mixture can be manipulated for a longer time at room temperature. As monomers, trimethylolpropane tris(3- mercapto propionate) (S3), hexamethylene diisocyanate (HDI), and isophorone diisocyanate (IPDI) have been used. We have demonstrated that the materials prepared with lanthanum triflate present the lowest relaxation times than those prepared with other lanthanide triflates or DBTDL. Calorimetry (DSC) and infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) were applied to study the curing process. The materials obtained were fully characterized by thermog- ravimetric analysis (TGA) and thermomechanical tests (DMA).This work is part of the R&D projects PID2020-115102RB-C21 and PID2020-115102RB-C22 funded by MCNI/AEI/10.13039/ 501100011033. We acknowledge these grants and to the Generalitat de Catalunya (2021-SGR-00154 and BASE3D). F.G. thanks to MCNI/AEI for the grant PRE2018-084192.Postprint (published version

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