Factors Influencing Teachers' Implementation of Online Teaching and Learning Mode during Covid-19

Abstract

Brunei first detected the covid-19 pandemic on March 9, 2020, which closed physical schooling immediately, and schools later continued online in response to the pandemic. This study investigates teachers' feedback on the new school norm of online teaching and learning mode. The objective of this study is to test the conceptual research model derived from the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology (UTAUT) for determining how the facilitating factors influence teachers’ intentions and their beliefs about their behavioural implementation of online teaching and learning mode. The participant of the study consists of 6,078 teachers in public schools in Brunei Darussalam. An electronic survey questionnaire was developed and disseminated to the teachers. The analyses of the quantitative data involved factor analysis and structural equation modelling (SEM). The significant findings are (i) teachers' Behavioural Intention directly correlates to motivation factor (Satisfaction), facilitating factor (Effort Expectancy), and the belief factors (Risk and Trust); (ii) teachers' Behavioural Intention are indirectly correlated to motivational factor (Perceived Enjoyment) and facilitating factor (Self-efficacy); (iii) teachers' Implementation of online teaching and learning mode relates directly to Behavioural Intention and belief factor (Trust). The study concludes that teachers can be encouraged and supported to implement online teaching and learning mode by addressing the factors influencing their behavioural intentions

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