For a compact set $K\subset \mathbb C,$ a finite positive Borel measure $\mu$
on $K,$ and 1 \le t < \i, let $\text{Rat}(K)$ be the set of rational
functions with poles off $K$ and let $R^t(K, \mu)$ be the closure of
$\text{Rat}(K)$ in $L^t(\mu).$ For a bounded Borel subset $\mathcal D\subset
\mathbb C,$ let \area_{\mathcal D} denote the area (Lebesgue) measure
restricted to $\mathcal D$ and let H^\i (\mathcal D) be the weak-star closed
sub-algebra of L^\i(\area_{\mathcal D}) spanned by $f,$ bounded and analytic
on $\mathbb C\setminus E_f$ for some compact subset $E_f \subset \mathbb
C\setminus \mathcal D.$ We show that if $R^t(K, \mu)$ contains no non-trivial
direct $L^t$ summands, then there exists a Borel subset $\mathcal R \subset K$
whose closure contains the support of $\mu$ and there exists an isometric
isomorphism and a weak-star homeomorphism $\rho$ from $R^t(K, \mu) \cap
L^\infty(\mu)$ onto $H^\infty(\mathcal R)$ such that $\rho(r) = r$ for all
$r\in\text{Rat}(K).$ Consequently, we obtain some structural decomposition
theorems for \rtkmu.Comment: arXiv admin note: text overlap with arXiv:2212.1081