Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen experiment with two Bose-Einstein condensates

Abstract

In 1935, Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen (EPR) conceived a Gedankenexperiment which became a cornerstone of quantum technology and still challenges our understanding of reality and locality today. While the experiment has been realized with small quantum systems, a demonstration of the EPR paradox with spatially separated, massive many-particle systems has so far remained elusive. We observe the EPR paradox in an experiment with two spatially separated Bose-Einstein condensates containing about 700 Rubidium atoms each. EPR entanglement in conjunction with individual manipulation of the two condensates on the quantum level, as demonstrated here, constitutes an important resource for quantum metrology and information processing with many-particle systems. Our results show that the conflict between quantum mechanics and local realism does not disappear as the system size is increased to over a thousand massive particles.Comment: 9 pages, 5 figure

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