For a directed graph $G(V_n, E_n)$ on the vertices $V_n = \{1,2, \dots, n\}$,
we study the distribution of a Markov chain $\{ {\bf R}^{(k)}: k \geq 0\}$ on
$\mathbb{R}^n$ such that the $i$th component of ${\bf R}^{(k)}$, denoted
$R_i^{(k)}$, corresponds to the value of the process on vertex $i$ at time $k$.
We focus on processes $\{ {\bf R}^{(k)}: k \geq 0\}$ where the value of
$R_i^{(k+1)}$ depends only on the values $\{ R_j^{(k)}: j \to i\}$ of its
inbound neighbors, and possibly on vertex attributes. We then show that,
provided $G(V_n, E_n)$ converges in the local weak sense to a marked
Galton-Watson process, the dynamics of the process for a uniformly chosen
vertex in $V_n$ can be coupled, for any fixed $k$, to a process $\{
\mathcal{R}_\emptyset^{(r)}: 0 \leq r \leq k\}$ constructed on the limiting
marked Galton-Watson tree. Moreover, we derive sufficient conditions under
which $\mathcal{R}^{(k)}_\emptyset$ converges, as $k \to \infty$, to a random
variable $\mathcal{R}^*$ that can be characterized in terms of the attracting
endogenous solution to a branching distributional fixed-point equation. Our
framework can also be applied to processes $\{ {\bf R}^{(k)}: k \geq 0\}$ whose
only source of randomness comes from the realization of the graph $G(V_n,
E_n)$