Energy and rate allocation for massive multiple access with interference cancelation

Abstract

This article addresses the problem of energy and code allocation to many users accessing, under spreading-based nonorthogonal multiple access, a wireless node set up with a successive interference cancellation architecture aided by redundancy-check error control. As an application, we consider the asynchronous access of a delay-tolerant satellite system, where users employ finite-length channel codes and are subject to a known power unbalance induced by the known distribution of the channel’s attenuation. The article develops, as a mathematically tractable approximation to massively populated systems, a unified framework to compute the best energy and code allocation rules that maximize the spectral efficiency of a network that handles asymptotically many users. Concretely, the presented approach circumvents the exponential complexity in the number of users when modeling the propagation of packet decoding failures through the receiver’s decoding scheme. It also enables a deterministic analysis of the more complex features affecting the receiver, making the related performance optimization problem amenable to systematic tools from differential and variational calculus. The derived expressions evidence the most favorable three-way unbalance between energy, rate, and reliability for receiver performance. Low-level system simulations are carried out for validation.This work was supported in part by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation through project RODIN (PID2019-105717RB-C22/AEI/10.13039/501100011033) and in part by Grant 2017 SGR 578.Peer ReviewedPostprint (published version

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