Awareness of PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome) in adolescent and young girls

Abstract

Background: Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder which affects the adolescent girls It affects 5% to 10% of women in their reproductive age. Awareness and accurate diagnosis is the first step in managing PCOS as it improves quality of life of the patient. The study was conducted to assess the knowledge on PCOS among the medical students.Methods: Survey of 200 girls was done to assess the knowledge on the polycystic ovarian syndrome among the medical students of different colleges studying in 1st, 2nd, and 3rd year. The data was collected from the students by using structured questionnaire.Results: In present study, 51% girls had normal BMI, 19.5% were overweight, 16.5% were obese while 13% were underweight. 33.5% females had acne, 16% had irregularity of menses, 5% had hirsutism while 2% had infertility. In present study, 33% adolescent and young girls had information about PCOS from teacher, 19% got information from friend, 11.5% got information from a doctor, 3.5% got information from newspaper while 5% got information from internet. 28% adolescent and young girls were unaware of PCOS.Conclusions: Thorough knowledge of the disorder and counseling for adolescents should be included in the curriculum which will provide awareness towards the disorder and lifestyle modification. Accurate diagnosis at a younger age may be a key

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