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Domiciliary nasal respiratory support : first experiences in Malta

Abstract

Nasal respiratory support is a non-invasive alternative to conventional assisted ventilation with endotracheal intubation, or the more cumbersome negative pressure ventilators. The two main types of this relatively new therapy are nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) and nasal continuous positive airway pressure (NCPAP) respiratory support, which are mostly used in chronic hypoventilatory states and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) respectively. We have introduced these two types of respiratory support to five patients suffering from neuromuscular disorders and twenty-four patients with OSA with marked improvement in the quality of life of all patients concerned. Our experiences with these patients should hopefully lead to further development in the diagnostic and therapeutic facilities in this field in Malta.peer-reviewe

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