Microbiological monitoring as a component of efficient prevention and treatment of purulent-septic infections in an orthopedics and traumatology department

Abstract

Efficient monitoring of circulating purulent-septic infectious agents in a clinical setting and a study on antibiotic susceptibility of isolated strains of microorganisms allows identifying changes in the pathogen structure and trends in antibiotic resistance development, which helps to determine the tactics of antibacterial therapy and elaborate appropriate measures. The aim of the study. Retrospective analysis of the results of microbiological monitoring of purulent-septic infectious (PSI) agents in the Orthopedics and Traumatology Department (OTD) of the Zaporizhzhia Central Ambulance and Emergency Care Hospital over the period 2017–2020 to determine the main antibacterial drugs for empirical therapy. Materials and methods. We analyzed the bacteriological test results of 664 clinical material samples obtained from OTD patients using bacteriological examination statistical reporting and analytical data of the WHONET 5.6 software. Results. The main PSI pathogens in the OTD were from the ESKAPE group: E. coli, S. aureus, K. pneumoniae, A. baumannii, E. faecalis, P. aeruginosa and S. epidermidis, P. mirabilis, C. amycolatum. Isolates of E. faecalis were sensitive to vancomycin, linezolid, S. aureus – to linezolid, tigecycline, netilmicin, A. baumannii – to tigecycline. All P. aeruginosa strains were resistant to ticarcillin/clavulanate, cefepime, chloramphenicol, imipenem, meropenem, aztreonam, ciprofloxacin. E. coli and K. pneumoniae were resistant to ampicillin, ticarcillin/clavulanate, aztreonam, ceftriaxone, cefepime. The number of isolates sensitive to piperacillin/tazobactam, carbapenems, levofloxacin, gentamicin, amikacin, chloramphenicol ranged from 37 % to 65 %. Conclusions. E. coli, S. aureus, K. pneumoniae, A. baumannii, E. faecalis, P. aeruginosa, S. epidermidis, P. mirabilis, C. amycolatum play an important role in the structure of PSI pathogens in the Orthopedics and Traumatology Department of Zaporizhzhia Central Ambulance and Emergency Care Hospital. The antibiotics of choice as the antibacterial empirical therapy for enterococcal infections are vancomycin, linezolid, for staphylococcal infections – vancomycin, linezolid, tigecycline, netilmicin. PSI pathogens continually evolve developing antibiotic resistance, and it is of particular importance to monitor antibiotic susceptibility of microorganisms within the OTD

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