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Extended non-chiral quark models confronting QCD

Abstract

We discuss the low energy effective action of QCD in the quark sector. When it is built at the CSB (chiral symmetry breaking) scale by means of perturbation theory it has the structure of a generalized Nambu-Jona-Lasinio (NJL) model with CSB due to attractive forces in the scalar channel. We show that if the lowest scalar meson state is sufficiently lighter than the heavy pseudoscalar π\pi' then QCD favors a low-energy effective theory in which higher dimensional operators (of the Nambu-Jona-Lasinio type) are dominated and relatively strong. A light scalar quarkonium (mσ=500÷600m_\sigma = 500 \div 600 MeV) would provide an evidence in favor to this NJL mechanism. Thus the non-chiral Quasilocal Quark Models (QQM) in the dynamical symmetry-breaking regime are considered as approximants for low-energy action of QCD. In the mean-field (large-N_c) approach the equation on critical coupling surface is derived. The mass spectrum of scalar and pseudoscalar excited states is calculated in leading-log approach which is compatible with the truncation of the QCD effective action with few higher-dimensional operators. The matching to QCD based on the Chiral Symmetry Restoration sum rules is performed and it helps to select out the relevant pattern of CSB as well as to enhance considerably the predictability of this approach.Comment: 10 pages, Latex, talk at the Workshop HADRON 99, Coimbra, Portuga

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