2,339,893 research outputs found

    Subject-tracking and topic continuity in the Church Slavonic translation of the story of Abraham and his niece Mary

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    The present article addresses issues of referentiality and text cohesion in a Church Slavonic narrative text. Starting with the specific problem of referential conflict as formulated by Kibrik (19871, issues of tracking personal participants in a narrative text are broadly explored in order to arrive at a rationale for the construction of cohesive text interpretation through topic continuity in subject position. The article takes an interpretative text-based approach of close-reading and argues for participant tracking to be dependent on text genre and general cultural prerequisites of text reading and interpretation rather than on systemic grammatical features of language. It is also hinted at the possibility that medieval narrative text genres (like the Byzantine-Slavic hagiographic genre being explored in this paper through the specimen of the Story of Abraham and Mary) may adhere to a type of narrative construction which places more responsibility on the reader-listener than on the narrator

    Constructed Constraint and the Constitutional Text

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    In recent years, constitutional theorists have attended to the unwritten aspects of American constitutionalism and, relatedly, to the ways in which the constitutional text can be “constructed” upon by various materials. This Article takes a different approach. Instead of considering how various materials can supplement or implement the constitutional text, it focuses on how the text itself is often partially constructed in American constitutional practice. Although interpreters typically regard clear text as controlling, this Article contends that whether the text is perceived to be clear is often affected by various “modalities” of constitutional interpretation that are normally thought to come into play only after the text is found to be vague or ambiguous: the purpose of a constitutional provision, structural inferences, understandings of the national ethos, consequentialist considerations, customary practice, and judicial and nonjudicial precedent. The constraining effect of clear text, in other words, is partially constructed by considerations that are commonly regarded as extratextual. This phenomenon of constructed constraint unsettles certain distinctions drawn by modern theorists: between interpretation and construction, between the written and the unwritten constitutions, and between the Constitution and the “Constitution outside the Constitution.” Although primarily descriptive, this Article also suggests that constructed constraint produces benefits for the constitutional system by helping interpreters negotiate tensions within democratic constitutionalism

    A Proposed Fishery Conservation and Management Act for the Republic of China

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    This article has two parts. It begins with the text of the proposed (fishery) act. Following the text is a brief section-by-section analysis of the proposed act

    Searches for ttˉHt\bar{t}H and tHtH with HbbˉH\to b\bar b

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    The associated production of a Higgs boson with a top quark-antiquark pair (ttˉH\text{t}\bar{\text{t}}\text{H} production) or with a single top quark (tH\text{tH} production) allows a direct measurement of the top-Higgs-Yukawa coupling with minimal model dependence. In this article, recent results of searches for ttˉH\text{t}\bar{\text{t}}\text{H} and tH\text{tH} production in the Hbbˉ\text{H}\rightarrow\text{b}\bar{\text{b}} channel performed by the ATLAS and CMS experiments are reviewed. The analyses use pp collision data collected at a centre-of-mass energy of 13\,TeV corresponding to an integrated luminosity of up to 13.2\,fb1{}^{-1}.Comment: TOP2016 conferenc

    Strain accommodation through facet matching in La1.85_\text{1.85}Sr0.15_\text{0.15}CuO4_\text{4}/Nd1.85_\text{1.85}Ce0.15_\text{0.15}CuO4_\text{4} ramp-edge junctions

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    Scanning nano-focused X-ray diffraction (nXRD) and high-angle annular dark-field scanning transmission electron microscopy (HAADF-STEM) are used to investigate the crystal structure of ramp-edge junctions between superconducting electron-doped Nd1.85_\text{1.85}Ce0.15_\text{0.15}CuO4_\text{4} and superconducting hole-doped La1.85_\text{1.85}Sr0.15_\text{0.15}CuO4_\text{4} thin films, the latter being the top layer. On the ramp, a new growth mode of La1.85_\text{1.85}Sr0.15_\text{0.15}CuO4_\text{4} with a 3.3 degree tilt of the c-axis is found. We explain the tilt by developing a strain accommodation model that relies on facet matching, dictated by the ramp angle, indicating that a coherent domain boundary is formed at the interface. The possible implications of this growth mode for the creation of artificial domains in morphotropic materials are discussed.Comment: 5 pages, 4 figures & 3 pages supplemental information with 2 figures. Copyright (2015) American Institute of Physics. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and the American Institute of Physics. The following article appeared in APL Mat. 3, 086101 (2015) and may be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.492779

    Do peers see more in a paper than its authors?

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    Recent years have shown a gradual shift in the content of biomedical publications that is freely accessible, from titles and abstracts to full text. This has enabled new forms of automatic text analysis and has given rise to some interesting questions: How informative is the abstract compared to the full-text? What important information in the full-text is not present in the abstract? What should a good summary contain that is not already in the abstract? Do authors and peers see an article differently? We answer these questions by comparing the information content of the abstract to that in citances-sentences containing citations to that article. We contrast the important points of an article as judged by its authors versus as seen by peers. Focusing on the area of molecular interactions, we perform manual and automatic analysis, and we find that the set of all citances to a target article not only covers most information (entities, functions, experimental methods, and other biological concepts) found in its abstract, but also contains 20% more concepts. We further present a detailed summary of the differences across information types, and we examine the effects other citations and time have on the content of citances