931,312 research outputs found


    Get PDF

    About the Health Professions Schools in Service to the Nation Program

    Get PDF
    The Health Professions Schools in Service to the Nation Program (HPSISN) is a national initiative designed to strengthen partnerships between health professions schools and their communities. A program of the Pew Health Professions Commission and the National Fund for Medical Education, HPSISN receives support from The Pew Charitable Trusts, the Corporation for Notional Service, and the Health Resources and Services Administration. In April 1995, the HPSISN program awarded three-year service-learning grants to 20 health professional schools across the country. The grantees are a diverse group of schools of medicine, dentistry, nursing, pharmacy and public health whose community partners include public schools, community health centers, community development corporations and social service agencies

    Building sustainable communities

    Get PDF
    Local Initiatives Support Corporation and two nonprofits are launching a new concept in Rhode Island. Through its Sustainable Communities program, LISC will assist the organizations in conducting resident-led planning to ensure buy-in for improvements in targeted neighborhoods.Community development - Rhode Island

    How to achieve sustainability : regulatory challenges

    Get PDF
    The importance of designing sustainable buildings is gaining greater acceptance worldwide. Evidence of this is how regulators are incorporating sustainable design principles into building regulations and requirements. The aim being to increase the number of sustainable buildings and move from a traditional voluntary compliance to one that is mandatory. However, developing regulations that actually achieve these aims can be a difficult exercise. Several countries in South East Asia, such as Singapore and Malaysia, have performance based building regulations that are supplemented by prescriptive measures for achieving the desired performance. Australia too has similar building regulations and has had energy efficiency regulations within the Building Code of Australia for over a decade. This paper explores some of the difficulties and problems that Australian regulators have experienced with the performance-based method and the prescriptive or “deemed-to-comply” method and measures that have been taken to try and overcome these problems. These experiences act as a useful guide to all regulators considering the incorporation of sustainable design measures into their countries building regulations. The paper also speculates on future environmental requirements being incorporated into regulations, including the possibility of non-residential buildings being required to meet minimum energy efficiency requirements, and the possible systems that would need to be in place before such requirements were included. Finally, the paper looks at a possible way forward using direct assessment from electronic designs and introduces several software tools that are currently being developed that move towards achieving this goal. Keywords: Sustainable buildings, Performance-based, Regulations, Energy efficiency, Assessment tools

    Development of sustainable material for hybrid wall system to improve indoor thermal performance

    Get PDF
    Thermal performance of building envelope has been of great importance in determining the indoor thermal environment mainly due to the impact of existing global warming issues. Due to the hot and humid climate of Malaysia, and poor thermal design of building envelope, mechanical cooling of buildings is becoming almost a necessity. This necessity in the case of low-income home owners is an added burden. Thus there is a need to provide wall system with better thermal performance than conventional wall systems. Due to the emphasis on developing sustainable built environments, researchers are striving for waste incorporation in building wall material. However, the waste incorporated within the building wall system, especially in bricks still lacks practical applicability when it comes to the overall performance of the system in terms of mechanical, thermal and physical properties. The focus of the research is to tackle the twin issues of sustainability and thermal performance of building wall systems for affordable homes using a Design Science methodology. A cost-effective sustainable alternative building wall system with better thermal performance than conventional material is proposed by utilizing locally available waste materials such as waste glass and oil palm industry byproducts. The enhancement of thermal performance of wall materials was done by the introduction of cellular porous palm oil fibers to lower the heat transfer. Fiber reinforced mortar (FRM) and thermally enhanced sustainable hybrid (TESH) bricks were developed by optimizing the mix design using Glass Powder, Palm Oil Fly Ash and Oil Palm Fibers based on Taguchi’s Process Parameter approach. Both the FRM and TESH bricks, which constitute the thermally enhanced sustainable hybrid (TESH) wall system, were analyzed for physical, mechanical and thermal performance and they comply with the various codes of practice for building materials. ANSYS WORKBENCH software was used to determine the thermal performance of the newly developed TESH. The temperature distribution and rate of heat transfer through the wall system was found to be significantly lower than conventional wall systems. Also, comparative energy analysis established that the energy consumption is 10.6 % lower for TESH. Due to the lower electricity consumption, the total energy costing for the building was also reduced by 10.2 %. Thus, TESH proves to be more sustainable and cost effective within the operational phase of the building. TESH is a sustainable alternative for low-cost housing units due to its proven low embodied energy as it comprises mainly of locally available waste materials for its production

    Life Cycle Costing Applications in Sustainable Building

    Get PDF
    Life Cycle Costing (LCC) which is defined ISO 15686-5:2005 is used to assess the sustainable and renewable technology used in building. The results indicate that the premium cost of sustainable/renewable technology in building is surprisingly lower than many have expected. The life time saving benefits are mainly coming from energy savings. However benefits might also come from improved indoor environmental quality, greater employee comfort/productivity, reduced employee health costs and lower operations and maintenance costs. These benefits will normally greatly exceed any additional upfront premium costs. The information derived from this study will assist people to be aware of the life cycle cost and benefit of sustainable and renewable technology in building. It will also provide the architect/engineer the information about energy conservation potential acquired via energy saving and conservation

    Sustainable design for building envelope in hot ‎climates; a case study for the role of the dome as ‎a component of the roof in heat exchange

    Full text link
    Architectural design is influenced by the actual thermal behaviour of building components, and this in turn depends not only on their steady and periodic thermal characteristics, but also on exposure effects, orientation, surface colour, and climatic fluctuations at the given location. Design data and environmental parameters should be produced in an accurate way for specified locations, so that ‎architects and engineers can confidently apply them in their design calculations that enable precise evaluation of ‎the influence of various parameters relating to each component of the envelope, which indicates overall thermal ‎performance of building. ‎The present paper will be carried out with an objective of thermal behaviour assessment and characteristics of the opaque and transparent parts of one of the very unique components used as a symbolic distinguished element of building envelope, its thermal behaviour under the impact of solar temperatures, and its role in heat exchange related to a specific U-value of specified construction materials alternatives. The research method will consider the specified Hot-Dry weather and new mosque in Baghdad, Iraq as a case study. Also, data will be presented in light of the criteria of indoor thermal comfort in terms of design parameters and thermal assessment for a“model dome”. Design alternatives and considerations of energy conservation, will be discussed as well using comparative computer simulations. Findings will be incorporated to outline the conclusions clarifying the important role of the dome in heat exchange of the whole building envelope for approaching an indoor thermal comfort level and further research in the future