10,954 research outputs found

    KETAHANAN PAPAN KOMPOSIT DARI LIMBAH KAYU SENGON DAN KARTON TERHADAP RAYAP KAYU KERING DAN RAYAP TANAH

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    URL: http://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/perennial/article/view/56This study was aimed to analyze the resistance of composites board made from wafer and carton or paper overlaid on drywood termite and subterranean termite. Materials used in this study were wafer from sengon wood (Paraserianthes falcataria L. Nielsen), water based polymer isocyanate adhesive, veneer, and several kind of carton and paper such as duplex carton, recycle carton, corrugate board, and waste of cement sack. The target density was 0.65 g/cm3, while the resin solid content was 6%. The result of this study showed that no significantly different on infection rate of drywood termite among of composite board types and solid wood. The weight loose of composites board were 1.2???3.8%, while solid wood was 2.7%. Composites board more favorable to infection Macrotermes gilvus than solid wood. The weight loose of composites board were 19.3 ??? 28.8%, while solid wood was 12.6%

    Dampak Penetapan Daerah Perlindungan Laut (DPL) terhadap Eksistensi Hak Nelayan Tradisional di Kabupaten Kepulauan Selayar

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    Penetapan Daerah Perlindungan Laut (DPL) sebagai upaya perlindungan bagi ekosistem terumbu karang merupakan daerah larang ambil sehingga menciptakan opini akan adanya dampak negatif yang akan ditimbulkan terhadap eksistensi hak nelayan tradisional.\ud Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1) mengetahui dampak penetapan Daerah Perlindungan Laut (DPL) terhadap eksistensi hak nelayan tradisional di Kabupaten Kepulauan Selayar dan (2) mengetahui upaya pemerintah dalam memberikan perlindungan hukum bagi eksistensi hak nelayan tradisional atas penetapan Daerah Perlindungan Laut (DPL) di Kabupaten kepulauan Selayar.\ud Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan Desember tahun 2012 sampai Januari tahun 2013 dengan lokasi penelitian di Desa Barugaia Kecamatan Bontomanai Kabupaten Kepulauan Selayar dan merupakan penelitian empiris bersifat deskriptif. Data yang digunakan adalah data primer yang diperoleh melalui wawancara dengan menggunakan daftar pertanyaan (kuisioner) dan data sekunder yang diperoleh dari kajian buku-buku, karya ilmiah, literatur dan bahan pustaka lainnya\ud Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa (1) penetapan Daerah Perlindungan Laut (DPL) berdampak positif terhadap eksistensi hak nelayan tradisional yang ada di Desa Barugaia Kecamatan Bontomanai Kabupaten Kepulauan Selayar. (2) Upaya perlindungan hukum bagi eksistensi hak nelayan tradisional atas penetapan Daerah Perlindungan Laut (DPL) dilakukan dengan memberikan hak pengelolaan dan pengawasan kepada masyarakat nelayan atas Daerah Perlindungan Laut (DPL) tersebut sehingga nelayan merasa tidak kehilangan hak atas keberadaan Daerah Perlindungan Laut (DPL)

    PERBANDINGAN KARAKTERISTIK PAPAN SEMEN DARI BATANG DAN CABANG KAYU ASAL HUTAN RAKYAT

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    URL: http://journal.unhas.ac.id/index.php/perennial/article/view/548analyze the physical and mechanical properties of cement board made of stem and branch of tree. Materials used in this study were three wood species from community forest, namely; sengon (Paraserianthes falcataria), candlenut (Aleurites moluccana), and gmelina (Gmelina arborea). The raw materials taken from stem and branch of tree were converted into particle using hammer mill. Composition of particle, water, and cement weight based were 1 : 1,25 : 2,5 for produce cement board, while density target of the boards were 0.85 g cm-3. To improve the board quality, 2.5 % CaCl2 based on cement weight was added. Mixed meterials then cold pressed during 24 hours and then conditioned for 1 month before tested. The research resuts are as follows: 1) Dimensional stability of cement board made from stem were superior compared to cement board made from branch of tree, 2) The MOR and Internal Bond of cement board have no clear different pattern between stem and branch of tree, 3) The MOE of cement board made from branch were higher compared to cement board made from stem of the three wood species

    TINJAUAN YURIDIS TERHADAP TINDAK PIDANA PENGANIAYAAN YANG MENGAKIBATKAN KEMATIAN (STUDI PUTUSAN No. 001/Pid.B/2013/PN.Mrs)

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    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui penerapan hukum pidana\ud terhadap pelaku tindak pidana penganiayaan yang mengakibatkan\ud kematian dan untuk mengetahui pertimbangan hakim dalam menjatuhkan\ud sanksi pidana terhadap pelaku tindak pidana penganiayaan yang\ud mengakibatkan kematian.\ud Penelitian ini dilakukan di Kabupaten Maros dengan memilih instansi yang\ud terkait dengan perkara ini, yakni penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Pengadilan\ud Negeri Maros. Metode Pengumpulan data yang digunakanadalah metode\ud Kepustakaan dan Metode Wawancara, kemudian data yang diperoleh\ud dianalisis secara deskriptif kualitatif sehingga mengungkapkan hasil yang\ud diharapkan dan kesimpulan atas permasalahan.\ud Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwaL 1) Putusan Majelis Hakim yang\ud menyatakan bahwa terdakwa terbukti secara sah dan meyakinkan\ud melanggar Pasal 351 ayat (3) KUHPidana yaitu Penganiayaan yang\ud Mengakibatkan Kematian sudah tepat. Haltersebut sejalan dengan\ud dakwaan Subsidair Penuntut Umum dan telah berdasarkan pada fakta\ud yang terungkap dipersidangan serta alat bukti yang sah. Dakwaan\ud Penuntut Umum pada perkara Putusan Nomor 01/Pid.B/2013/PN.Mrs ini\ud berbentuk dakwaan Primair yaitu, dakwaan melanggar Pasal 351 ayat (3)\ud KUHPidana. 2) Majelis hakim Pengadilan Negeri Maros dalam\ud pertimbangannya masih terdapat beberapa kekurangan-kekurangan,\ud terutama dalam pertimbangan subyektifnya yaitu pada pertimbangan hal-hal yang memberatkan dan meringankan terdakwa. Majelis Hakim\ud menjatuhkan pidana 3 (tiga) tahun 6 (enam) bulan penjara kurungan\ud seluruhnya dari masa penahanan yang telah dijalani terdakwa. Sanksi ini\ud lebih ringan dari tuntutan Penuntut Umum yaitu 4 (empat) tahun penjara\ud kurungan seluruhnya dari masa penahanan yang dijalani terdakwa

    TINJAUAN YURIDIS TERHADAP DELIK PENCURIAN YANG DILAKUKAN OLEH OKNUM ANGGOTA TENTARA NASIONAL INDONESIA (Studi Kasus PutusanNo. PUT/159-K/PM III-16/AD/XII/2009/Mks)

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    2014SURAHMAN (B111 06 739), Dengan Judul Skripsi ???Tinjauan Yuridis \ud Terhadap Delik Pencurian Yang Dilakukan Oleh Oknum Anggota \ud Tentara Nasional Indonesia (Studi Kasus Putusan No.PUT/159-K/PM \ud III-16/AD/XII/2009/Mks)???, Di Bawah Bimbingan Bapak Andi Sofyan \ud Selaku Pembimbing I dan Abd Azis Selaku Pembimbing II. \ud \ud Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui penerapan hukum \ud pidana materil dalam perkara delik pencurian yang dilakukan oleh oknum \ud anggota tentara nasional Indonesia dan unutk mengetahui pertimbangan \ud hakim dalam menjatuhkan putusan terhadap delik pencurian yang \ud dilakukan oleh oknum anggota tentara nasional Indonesia dalam perkara \ud putusan No.PUT/159-K/PM III-16/AD/XII/2009/Mks. \ud \ud Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di instansi Pengadilan Militer III-16 \ud Makassar. Untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut penulis menggunakan teknik \ud pengumpulan data berupa penelitian pustaka, penelitian lapangan dengan \ud melakukan wawancara langsung terhadap nara sumber pada instansi \ud tersebut. Selanjutnya data yang diperoleh disajikan secara deskriptif. \ud \ud Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa : (1) Penerapan hukum \ud pidana materil dalam putusan No.PUT/159-K/PM III-16/AD/XII/2009/Mks \ud telah sesuai dengan ketentuan yang diatur dalam Kitab Undang-Undang \ud Hukum Pidana Pasal 362 atau Kitab Undang-Undang Hukum Pidana \ud Militer Pasal 141. Hakim dalam menjatuhkan pidana penjara terhadap \ud terdakwa memiliki banyak pertimbangan, mulai dari tuntutan Oditur Militer, \ud terpenuhinya unsur-unsur sesuai dengan pasal yang didakwakan dan \ud tidak ada alasan pembenar, sehingga dinyatakan bersalah, serta hal-hal \ud yang memberatkan dan meringankan sehingga terdakwa harus \ud mempertanggungjawabkan perbuatannya sesuai dengan putusan yang \ud dijatuhkan oleh Majelis Hakim, dengan menjalani pidana penjara selama 7 \ud (tujuh) bulan dan membayar biaya perkara sebesar Rp.5.000,- (lima ribu \ud rupiah). (2). Pertimbangan hukum Hakim dalam menjatuhkan putusan \ud terhadap tindak pidana pencurian yang dilakukan oleh oknum anggota \ud Tentara Nasional Indonesia dalam putusan No.PUT/159-K/PM III-16/AD/XII/2009/Mks ialah karena perbuatan terdakwa mengambil barang \ud kepunyaan orang lain dengan maksud untuk dimiliki secara melawan \ud hukum sehingga terdakwa dapat meresahkan masyarakat, serta \ud petimbangan-pertimbangan hakim dimana dalam pertimbangan tersebut \ud ada hal yang meringankan dan ada hal yang memberatkan

    THE THRESHOLD VALUE OF ENAMEL MINERAL SOLUBILITY AND DENTAL EROSION AFTER CONSUMING ACIDIC SOFT DRINKS

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    It is known that the threshold value of enamel mineralsolubility (K, Na, Fe, Mg, Cl, P, Ca, F, C) has significant difference (p < 0.05) after being exposed to folic acid. Meanwhile, Fe did not\ud have significant difference (p = 0.090) after being exposed to citric acid. Similarly, C did not have significant difference (p = 0.063)after being exposed to bicarbonate acid. Furthermore, it is also known that the threshold time value of dental erosion are on the 105th\ud day for folic acid, on the 111th day for citric acid, and on the 117th day for bicarbonate acidDental erosion is irreversible and caused by acidic softdrink consumption. Dental erosion prevention already been done, but it still has not been satisfying since the consumption of acidic softdrink is still high. There is still not any dates that explainthe threshold value of enamel mineral solubility and the occurance of dental erosion after consuming acidic softdrink. Purpose: This research aims to find the threshold value of enamel mineral solubility and dental erosion before and after consuming acidic soft drinks.Methods: Subjects of the research are saliva and enamel of 12 marmooths, which have some criteria such as age ???70 days, body weight???600 grams, and teeth considered to be healthy. The sample devided equally into 4 groups. Each of those marmooths was given adrink as much as 2.5 cc/consumption (there are 1, 2 and 3?? per day) by using syringe without injection needle. Salivary minerals thenwere examined by using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometric (ASS), while dental erosion was examined using Scanning ElectronMicroscop (SEM). The data were analyzed by using Paired t-test. Results: It is known that the threshold value of enamel mineralsolubility (K, Na, Fe, Mg, Cl, P, Ca, F, C) has significant difference (p < 0.05) after being exposed to folic acid. Meanwhile, Fe did not\ud have significant difference (p = 0.090) after being exposed to citric acid. Similarly, C did not have significant difference (p = 0.063)after being exposed to bicarbonate acid. Furthermore, it is also known that the threshold time value of dental erosion are on the 105th\ud day for folic acid, on the 111th day for citric acid, and on the 117th day for bicarbonate acid. Conclusion: Threshold value of enamelmineral solubility before and after consuming soft drinks containing acid is different. Based on the threshold value of dental erosion,it is known that folic acid is the most erosive acid

    PENGARUH ROTASI GIGI TERHADAP INDIKASI KARIES

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    2014Background : The condition s of teeth irregularities sometimes be polemic for some \ud people . One of the disorder is the rotation of teeth is usually caused due arch \ud unbalanced condition with the condition of the dental arch . This is what causes the \ud rotation of the tooth to be one of the causes of dental caries, because the teeth are \ud experiencing the tilt of the axis of the teeth will be crammed with adjacent teeth that \ud have an impact on the more difficult dental cleaning done, beca use that is not optimal \ud cleaning teeth then dental rotation potential as a means of plaque buildup that will \ud eventually be used as a retention tartar so much stronger for oral bacteria that would \ud damage the structure of dental hard tissue and lead to caries. \ud Purpose : the purpose of this study is to see is there any indication of the effect of \ud rotation on the occurrence of dental caries, as well as its impact on neighboring teeth \ud of the gear rotation . \ud Methods of study : This study is an observational study using a design research \ud Analytical cross - sectional study . Total sample of 30 people who met the study \ud criteria that has been set . Examination will be undertaken is a direct examination of \ud the sample in which the researcher wants to see the effect of rotation on the dental \ud caries and see is there any indication that the impact occurred on neighboring teeth of \ud the gear rotation . \ud Results of research conducted no visible effect on the cause of the rotation of the \ud too th because of caries in teeth rotation on 30 samples contained 21 or ( 70.0 % ) with \ud caries were significantly positive , which means more than half of the sample rotation \ud experienced tooth taken caries . While the non- experienced dental caries in rotation \ud only around 9 or ( 30.0 % ) . From the statistical results obtained chi-square test p = \ud 0.002 value which means that there is an influence on the incidence of dental caries \ud rotation . p value is far below the alpha value of 0.05 ( p < 0.05 ) Based on the results \ud of statistical tests of significance at the level of 73.5 % was obtained p value of 0.002 \ud is much smaller than the alpha value of 0.005 means there is a significant relationship \ud between the rotation of teeth as one different causes caries . \ud Conclusion : Rotation teeth or tooth position slope factors influence the occurrence \ud of caries for being a good retention for the remnants of food in the oral cavity . This is \ud proved by obtaining the p value of 0.002 which means to have an effect on caries \ud indication . \ud \ud Keywords : Effect of Rotation , Rotation Dental , Dental Carie

    In vitro selection of rock phosphate solubility by microorganism from Ultisols in South Sulawesi, Indonesia

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    Phosphorus (P) is the second most required nutrient of plants, but its availability in ultisols is relatively low.\ud Source of P can be found from rock phosphate (RP) which has low solubility level. Use of microbial solubilizing phosphate\ud such as bacteria, fungi or combination of both is potential to increase availability of P. This research was aimed to find\ud bacterial or fungal isolates that are high potential in solubilizing of RP. In vitro selection was conducted to obtain indigenous\ud bacteria or fungi from Ultisols of South Sulawesi. Selection of microbes for their capability to solubate rock phosphate\ud qualitatively, conducted through measuring the solubility index (SI) and solubility efficiency (SE) on pykovskaya solid\ud medium and on National Botanical Research Institutes phosphate-bromophenol blue (NBRIP-BPB) medium. The results of\ud this study indicated that from SI and SE highest values, four high potential isolates were selected namely, Aspergillus niger\ud JTM 2, Bacillus sp JTM 3, Aspergillus niger JTM 6 and Pseudomonas sp JTM 10. Ability of solubilizing phosphate from the\ud four isolates was then tested in liquid medium pikovskaya either in single or mixed combination. Solubilizing phosphate of\ud RF was determined according to [1] method. The results of test on solid media indicate that Bacillus sp JTM 3 and\ud Pseudomonas sp JTM 10 have SI and SE higher than both Aspergillus niger JTM 2 and Aspergillus niger JTM 6. Futhermore,\ud test on Pikovskaya liquid media confirmed that Aspergillus niger JTM 6 and Pseudomonas sp JTM 10 gives the higher results\ud than other single isolates and control, whereas the combination of isolates Bacillus sp JTM 3 and Aspergillus niger JTM 2\ud indicated significantly higher solubilizing phosphorus production than all other treatments

    PERSEPSI DIRI TERHADAP ESTETIKA GIGI DAN SENYUM PADA MAHASISWA FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN GIGI UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN

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    2014PERSEPSI DIRI TERHADAP ESTETIKA GIGI DAN SENYUM \ud PADA MAHASISWA FAKULTAS KEDOKTERAN GIGI \ud UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN \ud \ud Hardianti Usman \ud \ud ABSTRAK \ud Latar Belakang: Estetika dalam kedokteran gigi bertujuan untuk menciptakan \ud keindahan dan daya tarik guna untuk meningkatkan harga diri pasien, dan \ud membuatnya merasa puas terhadap bagian penting dari tubuh mereka, sehingga \ud merasa ekspresif serta dihargai secara sosial. Persepsi dan sikap mengenai estetika \ud gigi dan senyum dari satu orang dengan orang lain dipengaruhi oleh beberapa \ud faktor, salah satunya adalah usia. Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi \ud Universitas Hasanuddin pada semester I masih berada dalam kisaran usia 17-19 \ud tahun yang termasuk dalam kelompok remaja akhir, sedangkan mahasiswa \ud Kepaniteraan berada dalam kisaran usia 23-26 tahun yang termasuk dalam \ud kelompok usia dewasa muda. Oleh karena itu berdasarkan dua kelompok usia \ud diatas, peneliti tertarik untuk meneliti persepsi diri terhadap estetika gigi dan \ud senyum pada mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin. \ud Tujuan: Ada perbedaan persepsi diri terhadap estetika gigi dan senyum pada \ud mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin. Bahan dan \ud Metode: Pengisian kuesioner untuk melihat persepsi responden mengenai \ud persepsi diri terhadap estetika gigi dan senyumnya. Data dianalisis dengan uji \ud SPSS. Hasil: Hasil penelitian menunjukkan 90,5% dari subyek merasa percaya \ud diri ketika tersenyum di depan orang lain. Sebaliknya, 78,0% meyakini ada orang \ud lain yang memiliki senyum yang lebih baik. Keinginan memiliki warna gigi yang \ud lebih putih lebih banyak ditunjukkan pada mahasiswa semester I yaitu 78,0%, \ud sedangkan mahasiswa kepaniteraan hanya sekitar 37%. Tingkat pendidikan \ud menunjukkan bahwa mahasiswa Kepaniteraan memiliki kepuasan yang lebih \ud tinggi dibandingkan mahasiswa semester I. Kesimpulan: tingkat pendidikan \ud mempengaruhi persepsi diri terhadap estetika gigi dan senyum pada mahasiswa \ud Fakultas Kedokteran Gigi Universitas Hasanuddin. \ud Kata Kunci: Persepsi diri, estetika gigi

    The Use of Byssogenesis of Green Mussel, Perna Viridis, as a Biomarker in Laboratory Study

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    Marine pollution monitoring is important for food bio-safety as well as the conservation of the environment.The green mussel, Perna viridis has previously been used as an eco-sentinel organism in marine pollution monitoring. In this study the byssogenesis of P. viridis was used as a biomarker during an in vivo study. Fifteen P. viridis were exposed\ud for 14 days in filtered seawater to metal mixtures of lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) containing 0.008, 0.04, 0.2, 1, 5 mg/l of\ud each metal for 14 days. The results showed that Pb and Cd residues in the mussel tissue were proportional to the metal\ud concentration in water. Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn???s Multiple Comparison tests were used to assess the effects of metal exposure on the production of byssus. The test results showed that the byssus production in 0.2 and 1 mg/l treatments was significantly different from controls (p < 0.05). Backward elimination regression was used to discern the role of Pb and Cd in the byssus productions. The regression demonstrated that Pb played a more important role than Cd in terms of byssogenesis. The study suggested that the byssogenesis production of P. viridis has potential to be used in biomarker studies
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