1,038 research outputs found

    Ultrawide-band Unidirectional Surface Plasmon Polariton Launchers

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    Plasmonic devices and circuits, bridging the gap between integrated photonic and microelectronic technology, are promising candidates to realize on-chip ultrawide-band and ultrahigh-speed information processing. Unfortunately, the wideband surface plasmon source, one of the most important core components of integrated plasmonic circuits, is still unavailable up to now. This has seriously restricted the practical applications of plasmonic circuits. Here, we report an ultrawide-band unidirectional surface plasmon polariton launcher with high launching efficiency ratio and large extinction ratio, realized by combining plasmonic bandgap engineering and linear interference effect. This device offers excellent performances over an ultrabroad wavelength range from 690 to 900 nm, together with a high average launching efficiency ratio of 1.25, large average extinction ratio of 30 dB, and ultracompact lateral dimension of less than 4 um. Compared with previous reports, the operating bandwidth is enlarged 210 folds, while the largest launching efficiency ratio, largest extinction ratio, and small feature size are maintained simultaneously. This provides a strategy for constructing on-chip surface plasmon source, and also paving the way for the study of integrated plasmonic circuits.Comment: 4 figure

    Broadband spin-controlled focusing via logarithmic-spiral nanoslits of varying width

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    This work presents analytical, numerical and experimental demonstrations of light diffracted through a logarithmic spiral (LS) nanoslit, which forms a type of switchable and focus-tunable structure. Owing to a strong dependence on the incident photon spin, the proposed LS-nanoslit converges incoming light of opposite handedness (to that of the LS-nanoslit) into a confined subwavelength spot, while it shapes light with similar chirality into a donut-like intensity profile. Benefitting from the varying width of the LS-nanoslit, different incident wavelengths interfere constructively at different positions, i.e., the focal length shifts from 7.5 μm (at λ = 632.8 nm) to 10 μm (at λ = 488 nm), which opens up new opportunities for tuning and spatially separating broadband light at the micrometer scale

    Integrated all-optical logic discriminators based on plasmonic bandgap engineering

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    Optical computing uses photons as information carriers, opening up the possibility for ultrahigh-speed and ultrawide-band information processing. Integrated all-optical logic devices are indispensible core components of optical computing systems. However, up to now, little experimental progress has been made in nanoscale all-optical logic discriminators, which have the function of discriminating and encoding incident light signals according to wavelength. Here, we report a strategy to realize a nanoscale all-optical logic discriminator based on plasmonic bandgap engineering in a planar plasmonic microstructure. Light signals falling within different operating wavelength ranges are differentiated and endowed with different logic state encodings. Compared with values previously reported, the operating bandwidth is enlarged by one order of magnitude. Also the SPP light source is integrated with the logic device while retaining its ultracompact size. This opens up a way to construct on-chip all-optical information processors and artificial intelligence systems.Comment: 4 figures 201

    Bidirectional waveguide coupling with plasmonic Fano nanoantennas

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    We introduce the concept of a bidirectional, compact single-element Fano nanoantenna that allows for directional coupling of light in opposite directions of a high-index dielectric waveguide for two different operation wavelengths. We utilize a Fano resonance to tailor the radiation phases of a gold nanodisk and a nanoslit that is inscribed into the nanodisk to realize bidirectional scattering. We show that this Fano nanoantenna operates as a bidirectional waveguide coupler at telecommunication wavelengths and, thus, is ideally suitable for integrated wavelength-selective light demultiplexing