1,331,953 research outputs found

    Femtosecond depahsing processes of molecular vibrations

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    A Study of molecular cooling via Sisyphus processes

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    We present a study of Sisyphus cooling of molecules: the scattering of a single-photon remove a substantial amount of the molecular kinetic energy and an optical pumping step allow to repeat the process. A review of the produced cold molecules so far indicates that the method can be implemented for most of them, making it a promising method able to produce a large sample of molecules at sub-mK temperature. Considerations of the required experimental parameters, for instance the laser power and linewidth or the trap anisotropy and dimensionality, are given. Rate equations, as well as scattering and dipolar forces, are solved using Kinetic Monte Carlo methods for several lasers and several levels. For NH molecules, such detailed simulation predicts a 1000-fold temperature reduction and an increase of the phase space density by a factor of 10^7 . Even in the case of molecules with both low Franck-Condon coefficients and a non-closed pumping scheme, 60% of trapped molecules can be cooled from 100 mK to sub-mK temperature in few seconds. Additionally, these methods can be applied to continuously decelerate and cool a molecular bea

    Theoretical Analysis of Dynamic Processes for Interacting Molecular Motors

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    Biological transport is supported by collective dynamics of enzymatic molecules that are called motor proteins or molecular motors. Experiments suggest that motor proteins interact locally via short-range potentials. We investigate the fundamental role of these interactions by analyzing a new class of totally asymmetric exclusion processes where interactions are accounted for in a thermodynamically consistent fashion. Theoretical analysis that combines various mean-field cal- culations and computer simulations suggests that dynamic properties of molecular motors strongly depend on interactions, and correlations are stronger for interacting motor proteins. Surprisingly, it is found that there is an optimal strength of interactions (weak repulsion) that leads to a maxi- mal particle flux. It is also argued that molecular motors transport is more sensitive to attractive interactions. Applications of these results for kinesin motor proteins are discussed

    Unified model of ultracold molecular collisions

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    A scattering model is developed for ultracold molecular collisions, which allows inelastic processes, chemical reactions, and complex formation to be treated in a unified way. All these scattering processes and various combinations of them are possible in ultracold molecular gases, and as such this model will allow the rigorous parametrization of experimental results. In addition we show how, once extracted, these parameters can be related to the physical properties of the system, shedding light on fundamental aspects of molecular collision dynamics.Comment: 16 Pages, 5 Figure

    Renewal processes and fluctuation analysis of molecular motor stepping

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    We model the dynamics of a processive or rotary molecular motor using a renewal processes, in line with the work initiated by Svoboda, Mitra and Block. We apply a functional technique to compute different types of multiple-time correlation functions of the renewal process, which have applications to bead-assay experiments performed both with processive molecular motors, such as myosin V and kinesin, and rotary motors, such as F1-ATPase
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