336,788 research outputs found

    Military-Industrial Complex

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    The military-industrial complex (MIC) refers to a self-sustaining politico-economic system that perpetuates profitability in military supplies industries, de facto in multiple countries but primarily in the USA. It is made up of competing and/or collaborating entities -- the maintenance of which is on the whole financially advantageous to all concerned. The complex business objectives sought by participants are fostered in part by exalting technical possibilities but also in part by spreading fear as to dangers that are imminent and can be countered only by maintaining the highest feasible level of military preparedness

    Energy Alarmism: The Myths That Make Americans Worry about Oil

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    Many Americans have lost confidence in their country's "energy security" over the past several years. Because the United States is a net oil importer, and a substantial one at that, concerns about energy security naturally raise foreign policy questions. Some foreign policy analysts fear that dwindling global oil reserves are increasingly concentrated in politically unstable regions, and they call for increased U.S. efforts to stabilize -- or, alternatively, democratize -- the politically tumultuous oil-producing regions. Others allege that China is pursuing a strategy to "lock up" the world's remaining oil supplies through long-term purchase agreements and aggressive diplomacy, so they counsel that the United States outmaneuver Beijing in the "geopolitics of oil." Finally, many analysts suggest that even the "normal" political disruptions that occasionally occur in oil-producing regions (e.g., occasional wars and revolutions) hurt Americans by disrupting supply and creating price spikes. U.S. military forces, those analysts claim, are needed to enhance peace and stability in crucial oil-producing regions, particularly the Persian Gulf. Each of those fears about oil supplies is exaggerated, and none should be a focus of U.S. foreign or military policy. "Peak oil" predictions about the impending decline in global rates of oil production are based on scant evidence and dubious models of how the oil market responds to scarcity. In fact, even though oil supplies will increasingly come from unstable regions, investment to reduce the costs of finding and extracting oil is a better response to that political instability than trying to fix the political problems of faraway countries. Furthermore, Chinese efforts to lock up supplies with long-term contracts will at worst be economically neutral for the United States and may even be advantageous. The main danger stemming from China's energy policy is that current U.S. fears may become a self-fulfilling prophecy of Sino-U.S. conflict. Finally, political instability in the Persian Gulf poses surprisingly few energy security dangers, and U.S. military presence there actually exacerbates problems rather than helps to solve them. Our overarching message is simply that market forces, modified by the cartel behavior of OPEC, determine most of the key factors that affect oil supply and prices. The United States does not need to be militarily active or confrontational to allow the oil market to function, to allow oil to get to consumers, or to ensure access in coming decades

    Analysis on the Supplies Raising and Transportation of the Eighth Route Army Office in Chongqing

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    The second cooperation between the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Communist Party of China (CPC) contributed to the establishment of Eighth Route Army offices in various places. As an office established in the KMT-controlled area, the Chongqing office’s one key assignment was to request military pay and supplies from the Military Commission of the KMT Government, to seek assistance from international friends and overseas Chinese, and to procure and transport military and medical supplies, which played a helpful role for our army’s logistics supply

    The Logistics of Mobilizing and Supplying the Union Army during the Initial Stages of the American Civil War

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    This thesis studies the logistics involved in mobilizing and supplying the Union Army at the onset of the Civil War. The main elements discussed are the sources, procedures, and items needed for the mobilization and supply efforts. Initially, the Union relied on the States to mobilize the military with the majority of the military being militia members or volunteers. The number of volunteers declined later in the war and the Union used both the bounty system and the draft for recruitment. Eventually, the Federal Government replaced the States as the primary mobilizing entity. The military needed supplies of weapons, clothing, and food. Again the States were the primary providers of supplies. The Union later used domestic and foreign markets for supplies, but the urgency of the nation spawned fraud and corruption. Additionally, the majority of the supplies provided were not adequate for the environment of war. By the end of war, corruption decreased and quality increased. Today\u27s military can use the actions of the Union as guidance of what to do and what not to do in the time of war. The actions of the Union during the Civil War should be used as a template for future generations

    Westinghouse programs in pulsed homopolar power supplies

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    This document details Westinghouse's ongoing study of homopolar machines since 1929 with the major effort occurring in the early 1970's to the present. The effort has enabled Westinghouse to develop expertise in the technology required for the design, fabrication and testing of such machines. This includes electrical design, electromagnetic analysis, current collection, mechanical design, advanced cooling, stress analysis, transient rotor performance, bearing analysis and seal technology. Westinghouse is using this capability to explore the use of homopolar machines as pulsed power supplies for future systems in both military and commercial applications

    Tajikistan: 'Revolutionary situation' or a Resilient state? EUCAM Policy Brief 12, 19 December 2009

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    Since 2008, after the period of relative growth and social stability, the situation in Tajikistan has been steadily deteriorating; thus leading to increased speculation that the country could emerge as a failing state. Given its proximity to Afghanistan and Pakistan, and the role it plays in the Northern Distribution Network, a line that funnels military supplies from Europe to NATO ISAF troops in Afghanistan, the ramifications of potential instability in Tajikistan would resonate beyond the country. The current brief assesses to what extent such danger is in fact real by outlining developments in the key areas of economy and security, and examining the regime’s coping capacity to deal with emerging challenges

    Iran’s nuclear program - and the costs of stopping it

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    This paper considers the positions of US and Israeli leaders, the current negotiations, and the possible drivers for a military strike against Iran. Over the last six months, the prospects of an Israeli preemptive strike against the Iranian nuclear weapons program have been much discussed. The Iranian nuclear program is an important issue for Australia - it goes to the heart of our own concerns about proliferation, a stable Middle East, and secure global energy supplies. This paper looks at the implications of this issue for Australia

    Logistics Transformation through Sense-and-Respond Logistics Network

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    Proceedings Paper (for Acquisition Research Program)Commercial and military logistics continue to evolve from amassing supplies, through supply chain management, to (more recently) sense-and-respond networks. The realization that ''demand-pull'' is inherently more efficient than a ''supply-push'' strategy propels the migration from supply chains to demand networks. Major commercial enterprises in the United States and abroad have already transformed their supply chains to include Sense-and-Respond Logistics (SRL) elements. Likewise, military planners and leaders have recently recognized the need to adopt SRL to transform military logistics to significantly enhance military readiness while reducing costs.Naval Postgraduate School Acquisition Research Progra

    Letter from the Secretary of War, relative to the bill (H.R. 2854) for the location and construction of a military wagonroad from Green River City, Wyo., to the Yellowstone National Park, and to Fort Ellis, Mont.

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    Military Wagon Road in Wyoming and Montana. [1644] Would pass the Crow agency; transport of Indian supplies

    Newsroom

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    Georgia Southern mobilized resources to help those affected by Hurricane Matthew School psychology students deliver supplies for hurricane relief Georgia Southern\u27s Military and Veteran Student Center hosts inaugural Veterans Day Ceremon
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