1,287 research outputs found

    Metropolisation Processes In Contemporary Space Of Poland

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    Published in: Origin Spatial Development of Contemporary Poland in ┼ü├│d┼║ University Geographical Research, edited by T.Marsza┼éThe last 20 years of scientific research on metropolises and metropolitan areas in Poland can be divided into three basic stages. The first one, observed at the turn of the 20 th century, focused on the implementation of the basic terminology and methodology from European and American scientific literature. That was also the time of the first attempts of identify Polish metropolises and delimit their functional areas. This period strongly influenced further achievements in this field, first of all, two basic approaches towards understanding the metropolis were applied then. The first one, according to the international terminology, refers to a big city which due to well-developed metropolitan functions is considered (or aspires) to be an important centre on the global scale (global metropolis). In Poland only the capital city, Warsaw, to some extent seems to meet such criteria. In such circumstances, this term more and more often was used to refer also to other regional and supra-regional centres. As a result, scientists who certainly acknowledged this nuance, began to equate ÔÇťmetropolitan areasÔÇŁ with ÔÇťurban agglomerationsÔÇŁ. The popularity of this approach could be explained in the context of prestige and political objectives. However, despite the fact that for many years numerous attempts to institutionalize such metropolitan areas have been made, still there is no agreement on the identification of metropolises and the delimitation of their functional areas, not mentioning other issues related to metropolitan governance. The second stage of research in the described field fell on the first decade of the 21 st century. The main focus was on identification of metropolitan functions in the biggest Polish cities, usually four or five of them. At that time a dual approach towards the understanding the idea of metropolis was clearly visible. Nowadays we experience the third stage of metropolitan research, in which the internal structure of metropolitan areas as well as the relations within them attract scientific attention. Simultaneously, numerous projects focusing on smaller territorial units (e.g. small towns located in metropolitan hinterland) are being carried out. It seems that in future this stage could be followed by focusing the interest on the institutionalisation of metropolitan areas. This ought to result in integration of transport policies, land management and performing other municipal tasks, and, in a broader perspective, in establishing complex metropolitan management. The example of considerable advancement in this field may already be found in Pozna┼ä, where local authorities, together with the scientific circ les, successfully stimulate integration of the metropolitan area. To conclude, metropolises and metropolitan areas are nowadays among the most important scientific research subjects in Poland. Not only does this refer to socio-economic geography, but also to economy, urban sociology and management. A considerable share of the scientific projects in this field has application values ÔÇô their results are implemented in various planning documents prepared at each level of territorial organisation. This evidently proves the importance of research activities regarding metropolisation processes as well as the necessity of their continuation in future

    Towards metropolitan regionalism. Stuttgart and Rome: two models in comparison

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    The process of ÔÇťmetropolisationÔÇŁ that has characterized the development of urbanization in contemporary cities over the last few decades, is being subjected to a transformation process oriented towards ÔÇťregionalizationÔÇŁ dynamics, where metropolitan regions become the engines of economic development and competitiveness on an international scale. The objective of a comparison between the experience of the Stuttgart region and that of metropolitan Rome, the largest municipality in Europe, is to contrast an example of an efficient, democratic and dynamic regional government with the difficulties in administering a territory as complex as Rome, in an institutional and political framework that does not tend to foster chances of constituting new government models at a supra-municipal scale

    Some comments on Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics methods

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    We highlight some links between molecular dynamics and Monte Carlo algorithms used to simulate condensed matter systems. Special attention is paid to the question of sampling the desired statistical ensemble

    Dangerous demographics? The effect of urbanisation and metropolisation on African Civil wars, 1961ÔÇô2010

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    Whether urbanisation promotes or inhibits the risk of civil war is disputed: while case studies usually support the former, quantitative investigations have found either the latter or no significant correlation at all. I argue that this contradiction is due to a conceptual and operational over-aggregation of urbanisation, ignoring its intrastate variation. I claim that a high relative concentration of the urban population and political, economic and social institutions in the largest city ÔÇô so-called metropolisation ÔÇô can increase both the motivation for and the feasibility of rebellion in a country. Triangulating case study evidence with a quantitative cross-national time series design, I show that metropolisation significantly and robustly increases the risk of governmental conflict in particular and hence civil war in general

    The cart before the horse: the perils of state-led metropolisation in Russia

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    Im klaren Gegensatz zu den sowjetischen St├Ądtebaudoktrinen, die auf die Eind├Ąmmung des Wachstums gro├čer St├Ądte abzielten, tun heutige russische Planer das Gegenteil - sie f├Ârdern das St├Ądtewachstum, indem sie Stadtbezirke zu st├Ądtischen Ballungsr├Ąumen verschmelzen. W├Ąhrend die wirtschaftlichen Auswirkungen der Verst├Ądterung und Konzentration intensiv erforscht sind, sind Politik und Strategien von Stadtverwaltungen weniger beachtet worden, besonders wenn es nicht um westliche Zusammenh├Ąnge geht. Diese Ver├Âffentlichung untersucht die staatlich bestimmte Metropolisierung in Russland und greift dabei die aktuellen Debatten zu Stadt-Regionalismus und Metropolisierung auf. Sie kommt zu folgendem Schluss: i) Die Metropolisierung in Russland wird durch die Regierung der Russischen F├Âderation gef├Ârdert; ii) Fallstudien der sibirischen St├Ądte Krasnojarsk und Novosibirsk zeigen, dass die entstehende Form der Gro├čstadtverwaltung schwach und unbest├Ąndig ist; iii) die staatlich bestimmte Metropolisierung ist problematisch, weil das beschleunigte Wachstum ausgew├Ąhlter Gro├čstadtbereiche vorhandene Ungleichheiten innerhalb des bereits r├Ąumlich polarisierten Landes weiter versch├Ąrfen kann.In sharp contrast to Soviet urban planning doctrines, which aimed to contain the growth of large cities, contemporary Russian planners do the opposite - promote urban growth by merging municipalities into "urban agglomerations". While the economic effects of agglomeration and concentration have been studied extensively, the politics and policy of metropolitan government have attracted less attention, especially in non-Western contexts. Using the current debates on city-regionalism and metropolisation, this paper examines state-led metropolisation in Russia. It concludes: i) metropolisation in Russia is promoted by the federal government; ii) case studies of the Siberian cities Krasnoyarsk and Novosibirsk show that the emerging form of metropolitan governance is weak and unstable; iii) state-led metropolisation is problematic because accelerated growth of selected metropolitan areas can further exacerbate existing disparities within the already spatially polarised country

    The historical dimension as a guide-tool identification and reading wine landscape character of Mendoza, Argentina

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    The wine landscape of the province of Mendoza is characterized by an integrating heterogeneity and active, own agricultural production activity dynamism. This is considered as a cultural heritage and a provincial collective redress. This has elements that clarify its nature, understood as the formal manifestation of identity, but others contribute to the trivialization of it. In this context, the research carried out, raised the reflection on how the historical dimension to identify and take a reading of the character of the landscape wine. The historical dimension allows detecting the elements of the character of the landscape and those which are trivializing in a dynamic landscape framework and heterogeneity. In response, resulting from the framework of cultural conservation, it was proposed that the historical dimension of landscape can be used as a guide - tool for analysis.Fil: Manzini Marchesi, Lorena Ver├│nica. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Cient├şficas y T├ęcnicas. Centro Cient├şfico Tecnol├│gico Conicet - Mendoza. Instituto de Ciencias Humanas, Sociales y Ambientales; Argentin

    Metropolising Marseille: Mission impossible? Challenges and opportunities of metropolisation processes in the m├ętropole Aix-Marseille-Provence

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    Dieser Beitrag liefert Erkenntnisse auf der Ebene der metropolitanen Governance und analysiert zu diesem Zweck ein konkretes Beispiel: die s├╝dfranz├Âsische Metropole Marseille. Marseille wird weithin als Gro├čstadt erachtet, die sich in einer postindustriellen Krise befindet: Sie hat es verpasst, einen funktionalen Wandel zu vollziehen und sich an die ver├Ąnderten Rahmenbedingungen im Zeitalter der Globalisierung anzupassen. Regionalisierte und integrierte Metropolisierungsprozesse haben in den letzten zwei Jahrzehnten jedoch die Aussichten auf eine urbane Renaissance der Gro├čstadt verbessert. Der Beitrag stellt drei zentrale Projekte vor, die die einzelnen Teile der Metropolisierungsprozesse von Marseille sowohl symbolisch darstellen als auch konkretisieren: Eurom├ęditerran├ęe (seit 1995), die Europ├Ąische Kulturhauptstadt "Marseille-Provence" 2013 und die institutionelle Gr├╝ndung der M├ętropole d'Aix-Marseille-Provence . Dieser Beitrag schl├Ągt einen Ansatz vor, der die Metropolisierung als multidimensionales Ph├Ąnomen erachtet. Aufbauend auf den drei genannten Beispielprojekten werden die einzelnen relevanten territorial-r├Ąumlichen Ebenen und die verschiedenen r├Ąumlichen Dimensionen der beteiligten Governance-Akteure analysiert. Mit dem Ziel, die Herausforderungen und Chancen der mehrdimensionalen Metropolisierung von Aix-Marseille-Provence zu untersuchen, analysiert der Beitrag den Wirkungsbereich der Projekte und diskutiert, inwiefern diese konfliktreiche Pluralit├Ąt zuk├╝nftig zu einer besseren und konsensorientierten metropolitanen Integration beitragen kann. Abschlie├čend soll unter Ber├╝cksichtigung der Besonderheiten, Erfolge und Fehlschl├Ąge dieser Region gezeigt werden, dass die Studie ├╝ber die Metropolisierung von Marseille f├╝r die Entwicklung von ├Ąhnlich gro├čen Metropolen Frankreichs und Europas neue Erkenntnisse liefert und zu einem tiefgreifenderen Verst├Ąndnis beitr├Ągt.This paper aims to contribute to knowledge on the level of metropolitan governance through the analysis of a specific case: the Marseille metropolis in southern France. Marseille is broadly considered a postindustrial city in crisis, which has failed to achieve a functional transformation and a change of narrative in the age of globalisation. Over the last two decades, however, processes of regionalised and integrated metropolisation have had an impact on the city's urban renaissance prospects. The paper identifies three central projects, which symbolically represent and concretely articulate different axes of Marseille's metropolisation processes: Eurom├ęditerran├ęe (1995-*), The European Capital of Culture Marseille-Provence 2013 and the institutional creation of the M├ętropole d'Aix-Marseille-Provence . This paper proposes to approach metropolisation as a multi-dimensional phenomenon. Drawing on the three aforementioned cases, we analyse the different territorial-spatial scales affected, as well as the various geographic scales of governance stakeholders involved. Reflecting on their scopes of impact, the aim of the study is to investigate the challenges and opportunities of multi-scalar metropolisation for Aix-Marseille-Provence, and to discuss to what extent this conflictual plurality might be promising (or not) for better consensual metropolitan integration in the future. In conclusion, we show that the study on metropolisation in the Marseille region, including the region's unique features, successes and failures, sheds light on and contributes to a better understanding of the evolution of other metropolises of a similar size in France and Europe

    Supplemental material for Two metropolisation gradients in the European system of cities revealed by scaling laws

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    Supplemental material for Two metropolisation gradients in the European system of cities revealed by scaling laws by Denise Pumain and C├ęline Rozenblat in Environment and Planning B: Urban Analytics and City Scienc

    The Upper-Silesian conurbation on the path towards the "Silesia" metropolis

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    In its methodological context, the article, expands on the idea of the organization of the ÔÇťSilesiaÔÇŁ superstructure. The idea of establishing a common urban organism emerged with the local governments of the Upper Silesian conurbation cities and was dictated by the need to find a way to change the traditional image of the Silesian region and its post-industrial role in the economic space of the country, as well as Europe. Therefore, in 2009, the Metropolitan Association of Upper- Silesia, an association for the initial institutionalization of ÔÇťSilesiaÔÇŁ, was registered, because ÔÇťSilesiaÔÇŁ does not hold any administrative or legal force. Such an organizational ÔÇťrevolutionÔÇŁ of the Upper Silesian conurbation initiated a wide social debate, in which the arguments of both supporters and opponents of such an enterprise in the Silesian region became apparent, together with misunderstandings related to the term ÔÇťmetropolisÔÇŁ, and the idea of establishing ÔÇťSilesiaÔÇŁ. Representatives of local governments chose the more prestigious term ÔÇťmetropolisÔÇŁ as if a complex metropolisation had taken place in the Upper Silesian conurbation. It would be adequate, however, to look only for the first features of metropolitan functions in this de-industrialized and restructured region, which are going to shape the longlasting metropolisation process under the influence of globalisation
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