871,762 research outputs found

    Questions and Answers for Foundations on Proxy Voting

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    Discusses common questions about proxy voting, including legal issues, voting commingled funds, options for voting and for delegating voting authority; trends in foundations' involvement in shareholder advocacy; and examples of active foundations

    Legal Solutions in Health Reform: Executive Authority to Reform Health: Options and Limitations

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    Examines which healthcare reforms the president can implement without congressional approval and how. Identifies options for promoting and directing agency actions on specific policy goals, as well as legal, budgetary, and legislative constraints

    A License to Grow: Ending State, Local, and Some Federal Barriers to Innovation and Growth in Key Sectors of the U.S. Economy

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    Outlines price and entry controls that impede innovations that could lead to more efficient business models and growth in the legal, health, drug, education, and finance sectors. Surveys options for removing barriers, including state experimentation

    Legal Solutions in Health Reform: Privacy and Health Information Technology

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    Identifies gaps in the federal health privacy standard and proposes options for strengthening the legal framework for privacy protections in order to build public trust in health information technology. Presents arguments for and against each option

    European Citizens' Initiative: Legal Options for Implementation Below the Constitutional Level

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    The EU has long been criticized for its democratic deficit. Several proposals for overcoming or reducing this deficit have been made. Some of them mention the role of more citizen participation and direct democracy. It was in this spirit that the ECI found its way into the Constitutional Treaty, creating the first tool of transnational participatory/direct democracy. It is aimed to give the Uniom's citizens more influence on EU politics while maintaining the institutional balance - especially the initiative monopoly of the European Commission - of the Union

    Understanding the Uninsured: Tailoring Policy Solutions for Different Subpopulations

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    Segments the uninsured into subgroups by legal status, eligibility for public programs such as Medicaid, and income level, and presents various policy options for expanding coverage in each subgroup, including mandates and private market solutions

    A ranking of the value of patents granted by legal protection

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    This paper aims at ranking the value of legal patent protection among countries, using the real options approach. In particular, we manage to overcome the problem of the lack of data for those countries that do not collect patent renewal data. The econometric technique we propose is well grounded in economic theory, specifically in the real options literature. Following this estimation strategy, we rank the value of legal patent protection for seventeen countries, closely reproducing other rankings based on surveys, for instance the PatVal survey by the EU Commission (2006), but relying on macro data publicly available and easy to access.Legal protection, intellectual property, real option, value of patent.

    Municipal Options to Address Nuisance Flooding of Coastal Highways in Rhode Island

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    Sea level rise and more powerful storm surges and erosion have increased flooding in low-lying coastal areas of Rhode Island. These impacts affect coastal highways, requiring municipalities to make difficult choices about whether and how to maintain or abandon their infrastructure. This fact sheet helps cities and towns understand their legal duties, options, and potential liabilities when considering the future of threatened coastal infrastructure. By using the information in this fact sheet, municipalities can make informed decisions about the consequences of their infrastructure investments. After providing background on nuisance flooding associated with sea level rise, this fact sheet describes Rhode Island law governing responsibility for maintaining public roads. It then describes law and policy considerations related to the two primary options for addressing highway flooding in the state: elevation and abandonment. Considering the legal issues associated with each of these strategies can help municipalities decide the appropriate course of action in the context of a particular location
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