47 research outputs found

    Pupils Creative Activity in Textile Art at Competition

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    The open olympiads of home economics and technologies encourage pupils of grades 5-9 to be creative in applying textile techniques. They also popularize textile art. Purpose of the study is to analyse the results of pupils’ creative work during the 10th open olympiad of home economics and technologies. Method: analysis of textile works. 376 pupils’ works from the 1st round and 85 works of the 2nd round have been analysed and assessed according to the following criteria: compliance with the task, unity of composition, composition of colours, compatibility of materials, originality, quality of the technical accomplishment, functionality. In the olympiad traditional Latvian handicraft techniques and materials as well as elements of other cultures and modern materials have been used. The originality of works submitted for the 1st round is expressed in seek of untraditional forms, techniques and combination of materials. The analysis performed on the 2nd round of works reveals that creativeness appears in the selection of materials, attuning and combining techniques to a greater extent than in the design of composition

    KRISTIJONO DONELAIČIO „METŲ“ FRAGMENTŲ VERTIMAS Į LATVIŲ KALBĄ XIX A. PIRMOS PUSĖS LATVIŲ LITERATŪROS KONTEKSTE

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    The paper is dedicated to the translation of the fragments by K. F. Vatson of “Gadalaiki” (The Seasons) by K. Donelaitis in Latvian, – two opening fragments of the poem in the annual sets of 1822 and 1823 of the calendar of Kurzeme “Veca un jauna laika grāmata” (Book of an Old and a New Time), emphasizing the position of this publication in the context of the Latvian literature of the 20-ies of the 19th century. The Latvian literary theory traditionally interprets the translation by K. F. Watson emphasizing typological literary features of enlightenment that are common to this work. However, by the time when Watson’s translations were published, the ideas of the Enlightenment to a large extent had been already depleted, and in the Latvian literature influences of the early Romanticism were already noticeable. As it happens in other instances when we encounter distinguished examples of the word art, the text in “Gadalaiki” is also characterised by its timeless nature and universalism opened up possibilities to diverse interpretation and stood the test of time. “Gadalaiki” is related to the new values that were brought to the fore at the turn of the 18th and the 19th centuries into German and a little bit later also into Latvian literature by early Romanticism. In the translation of “Pavasara līgsmība” (Rejoicing of Spring) it is testified by the descriptions of revival of the nature and “non-pedagogical” childhood. Statements made against (the source text in Lithuanian; the translation in Latvian) sometimes uncritical attitude of the peasants towards “Germanism” and derogation of one’s own nationality bears resemblance to the attitude held by Johann Gottfried von Herder and later by representatives of the early Romanticism towards national identity as a phenomenon that is worthy of attention and research. It is not known whether Watson knew Lithuanian, however, we have to take into account that the bilingual Lithuanian and German edition was used for translation. Watson distinguished the familiarity of both Baltic languages – Latvian and Lithuanian, and according to him the Latvian language was just a “strongly” modified dialect of the Lithuanian language.Latvijas Nacionālā bibliotēkaMūkusalas iela 3, Rīga, LV-1423El. paštas: [email protected] skiriamas Karlo Friedricho Watsono (lat. Karlis Frīdrihs Vatsons, 1777–1826) atliktam K. Donelaičio „Metų“ fragmentų vertimui į latvių kalbą: aptariami du poemos teksto fragmentai, skelbti 1822 ir 1823 metų Kuržemės kalendoriuje „Veca un jauna laika grāmata“, pabrėžiant šios publikacijos vietą XIX a. trečiojo dešimtmečio latvių literatūros kontekste. Latvių literatūrologijoje K. F. Watsono vertimas tradiciškai interpretuojamas akcentuojant, jog šis darbas turi Apšvietos amžiaus literatūrai būdingų požymių. Tačiau tuo metu, kai pasirodė K. F. Watsono vertimai, Apšvietos idėjos buvo beveik išsekusios ir latvių literatūroje jau buvo galima įžiūrėti ankstyvojo romantizmo įtaką. Kaip ir kiti žymūs žodinio meno pavyzdžiai, taip ir „Metų“ tekstas buvo nesenstantis, jo universalizmas atvėrė galimybes įvairiai išryškinti bei išdėstyti tekstą. „Metai“ susisiejo su tomis naujosiomis vertybėmis, kurias XVIII–XIX a. sandūroje vokiečių, o šiek tiek vėliau ir latvių literatūrai suteikė ankstyvasis romantizmas. Tai liudija gamtos pabudimo ir „nepedagogizuotos“ vaikystės vaizdavimas „Pavasario linksmybių“ vertime. Pasisakymas prieš valstiečių (originale – lietuvių; vertime – latvių) kartais nekritišką požiūrį į „vokiškumą“ ir savo tautybės paniekinimą siejosi su J. G. Herderio, o vėliau – ir su ankstyvojo romantizmo atstovų požiūriu į tautiškumą kaip fenomeną, vertą dėmesio ir tyrimų. Nežinoma, ar K. F. Watsonas mokėjo lietuvių kalbą, tačiau vertimui jis naudojo dvikalbį lietuvių ir vokiečių leidinį. Vertėjas aiškiai matė abiejų baltų kalbų – latvių ir lietuvių – artimumą. Anot jo, latvių kalba tebuvo „stipriai“ modifikuotas lietuvių kalbos dialektas

    KRISTIJONO DONELAIČIO „METŲ“ VERTIMAI Į LATVIŲ KALBĄ XIX A. ANTROJE PUSĖJE–XX AMŽIUJE

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    It took quite a long time for the poem `The Seasons” by Kristijonas Donelaitis to have a full translation in Latvian – up to the second half of the 20th century. The first translation – some fragments of the poem – were made by a pastor in Kurzeme, Carl Friedrich Watson, and published in the twenties of the 19th century. The first thorough publication about K. Donelaitis himself was written by Andrejs Dīriķis (in 1874) who regularly covered Lithuanian culture in Latvian press in the seventies and eighties of the 19th century. The translation of “The Seasons” made by the Latvian poet Rainis in the eighties of the 19th century unfortunately has not survived. In the thirties and forties of the 20th century the translation of the poem was initiated by the writer and promoter of Latvian – Lithuanian cultural ties Emīls Skujenieks. In 1963 and 2006 two different versions of translation made by the poet Paulis Kalva were published. The recent publications of comparative literary studines give us evidence, that further research of the translations in Latvian of the Donelaitis poem, especially using new sources, is rather promising.Latvijas Universitate Lomonosova iela 1A, Rīga, LV1019, Latvija El. paštas: [email protected] pateikiama retrospektyvi Kristijono Donelaičio poemos „Metai“ vertimų publikacijų latvių kalba analizė ir atskleidžiama, kaip latvių skaitytojas palaipsniui susipažino su K. Donelaičio asmenybe, o per „Metų“ fragmentų vertimus – ir su jo poezijos pasauliu. Straipsnio uždavinys – atkreipti dėmesį į K. Donelaičio „Metų“ poemos vertėjus latvių ir lietuvių kultūrinių ryšių kontekste. Ypač išsiskiria Andrejo Dyrikio, Janio Rainio ir Paulo Kalvos atlikti darbai, populiarinę K. Donelaičio kūrybą

    Music Perception in Rhythmik Lessons

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    The teaching of rhythmics was first introduced by the Swiss pedagogue Émile Jaques-Dalcroze, as he revealed the phenomenon of mutual interaction between music and movement, thus facilitating the musical, intellectual and physical growth of students. Music is one of the basic components in the choice of means of rhythmics. The perception of music is complex and it can be viewed both from the associative and the analytical aspect. The process of music perception in rhythmics is implemented with the help of movement. By assuming that movement is the basis of all live expression, musical rhythm becomes the movement synchronizer, thus acting on the sensomotoric, cognitive and emotional level. In the rhythmics lessons at the Emils Darzins Secondary Music School for grades 1-4 the process of music perception takes place both in an associative creative and an analytical way, thus ensuring an in-depth strengthening of skills and abilities acquired through music theory lessons and implementing rhythmics through lively and jovial action. The objective is to investigate the process of perception of rhythmic music classroom: music and movement interaction. Research methods: teaching observation, content analysis, test. Research base: Emils Darzins Music School 3rd and 4th grade students - total of 17. The study involved students names have been changed

    Dyscalculia – one of the Types of Learning Disabilities

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    The article is devoted to a theoretical justification of dyscalculia showing a link between characteristics of brain functions and expressions of learning disorders. Although dyscalculia and dyslexia are linked problems, the cognitive profile is different. Significant understanding of dyscalculia deals with origin and manifestations of it that affect learning in school and future quality of life. Development of neuroscience and brain studies performing magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), allow accurate descriptions of problem and in addition to search for ways to reduce the negative effects of dyscalculia

    K. DONELAIČIO METŲ TIKRINIAI VARDAI KITOSE KALBOSE: VERTIMO STRATEGIJŲ PALYGINIMAS

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    K. Donelaičio „Metų“ vardynas yra turtingas ir įvairus. Straipsnyje nagrinėjami 10 poemos vertimų (į vokiečių, anglų, latvių, lenkų, ispanų ir italų k.). Įvairių vertėjų požiūris ir metodika gerokai skiriasi: vieni tekstą vertina filologiškiau, kiti – kūrybiškiau. Asmenvardžius vieni vertėjai vertė į savo kalbų atitikmenis, kiti išlaikė originaliuosius; vieni juos adaptavo pagal savo kalbos rašybos taisykles, kiti – ne. Vienu ar kitu būdu visi vertėjai stengėsi perkelti ne tik denotatyvinę, bet ir konotatyvinę tikrinių vardų funkciją; tačiau skirtumų atsirado dėl neišspręstos teorinės problemos: koks turėtų būti tikrinių vardų konotatyvinis turinys vertimuose

    OUTDOOR ACTIVITIES TO PROMOTE CREATIVE THINKING IN PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

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    The article analyzes the influence of outdoor activities to creative thinking in children of preschool age (5-6 years). In today's education already from pre-school age is not sufficient with traditional learning. At the same time the use of this knowledge must be developed for use in various life situations. This requires creative thinking - the creation of new ideas. Perschoolers imagination knows no boundaries and therefore must be used. Excellent confirmation gives the outdoor environment - nature and natural processes, changing weather conditions.Outdoor physical activities is a precondition for the acquisition of skills necessary for life, while creative thinking promotes the development of these skills in the further use of the various life-changing situations. The study analyzes the outdoor activities lesson content and their organization, and proven creative thinking of fostering positive trends in the experimental group compared to the children in the control group.

    IMAGES OF VILIS DZĒRVINĪKS’ POETRY

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    Vilis Dzērvinīks (1959–2007) is a bright Latgalian poet of the 1990s and the verge of centuries. V. Dzērvinīks has published five collections of poetry: „Sidrabainas asaru lāsītes” (Silver tear drops, 1992), „Laimeigu īsadūmōt” (To imagine being happy, 2001), „Voi moz lidmašīnu kreit” (Are there not many planes falling, 2003), „Upers” (Sacrifice, 2006), and posthumously– „Storp pērstim blusa trynās” (A flea is rubbing between fingers, 2008). V. Dzērvinīks wrote in vers libre, following the 1990s quest for modernity, at the same time the elements of rhythm, concentration of expression and word are preserved to reveal different principles of modernity. V. Dzērvinīks displays rich and cultivated Latgalian, in which he discloses ironically his experiences to the reader, who may be fluent not only in the Latgalian language. The aim of the particular research is to reveal the role of the image of the eye, day or life in the poetry of V. Dzērvinīks’ from both literary and linguistic point of view. The sources of the research are so far not analysed V. Dzērvinīks’ collections of poetry: „Sidrabainas asaru lāsītes” (1992) and „Storp pērstim blusa trynās” (2008). The author of this research has determined six most concentrated images in V. Dzērvinīks’ poetry collections – „Laimeigu īsadūmōt” (2001), „Voi moz lidmašinu kreit” (2003), „Upers” (2006). They are the following: eye, day, life, time, heart and word. The most commonly used images in Dzērvinīks’ poetry collections were also identified with the help of AntConc program; no significant differences were observed in dominating images, only conceptual and semantic distinctions, which enable us to judge about the basic values of V. Dzērvinīks’ poetry and the relationship of the lyrical person towards the world and himself. The semantic and symbolic meaning of images is revealed and the syntagmatic attitudes and semantic roles of images are studied. The research is based on the method of structural semiotics (Jurij Lotman, Jurij Tinanov and Ruta Veidemane). Although the author uses various compositional structures in collections of poetry „Sidrabainas asaru lāsītes” (1992) and „Storp pērstim blusa trynās” (2008), they share several themes of experience: politics and social problems, love poetry and philosophy of life. The distinction is marked by the change of the epoch and is reflected in the mood of poems; in the first collection of poems, the author in a separate chapter retrieves memories about his childhood, country house and here is also a chapter that can be called poet's confession. One of the central meanings of the image of the eye is the symbol of the spiritual vision or blindness, an indicator of feelings and emotions; therefore, the image of the eye is revealed directly in philosophical and love poetry, where not reason is necessary but soul; in politics there is no room for emotions and feelings, therefore the use of the eye image in socio-political poems is minimal. In spite of the great time difference between collections of poetry „Sidrabainas asaru lāsītes” (1992) and „Storp pērstim blusa trynās” (2008), the image of the day is most significant in the chapters of poetry about life philosophy; the lyrical person perceives it as an endless routine, a time loop that never changes. Almost all chapters in both collections are interwoven by such mood except the chapter of love poetry in the first collection. The image of life in all parts of the collections are revealed in a rather uniform way – the life of the lyrical person is full of pain and disappointment, there is no consolation even in love; the means by which lyrical person describes life are stylistically diverse, creative and artistically bright and nuanced. Evaluation of the collection of poems not only in terms of content but also the form reveals that in „Sidrabainas asaru lāsītes” (1992) the author applies various forms – traditional forms and vers libre, as well as more varied syntactic and stylistic figures, also found in syntagmatic analysis. The poems written in Latvian are more varied in form, because those written in Latgalian are on soul-related topics, where continuity and unambiguousness of thought are important, and thus there are fewer attempts to search for new meanings or use of unexpected tropes. In the collection „Storp pērstim blusa trynās” (2008), the author has almost abandoned stylistic figures and vers libre, focusing on irony and imaginative language as the main means of expression. Poetry is only in Latgalian and it is dominated by the search for the meaning of life and the growing disillusionment of the lyrical person with his time, life and love

    NON-TRADITIONAL DRAWING TECHNIQUES FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF IMAGINATION FOR STUDENTS WITH MILD MENTAL DISABILITIES

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    Imagination development for pupils with mild mental disorders requires special attention and special pedagogical approach, because independent and creative thinking skills, initiative of creative activity cannot develop by itself; it is not a side effect of knowledge acquisition, it needs to be promoted and activated. The paper raises the issue of the importance of imagination development and opportunities for pupils with mild mental disorders during extracurricular activities, using non-traditional drawing techniques. The paper provides information about the collection of non-traditional drawing techniques developed and approbated by S. Bogurdovicha

    Music Listening and Communication Skills Improvement for Children up to Three Years

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    Theoretical part of paper will be devoted to an important problem at an early age the child’s development i.e. listening skills and communication skills development for children up to three years. The aim of the report – explored music listening and communication skills development opportunities for children up to three years. The theoretical part will be based on scientific research. The empirical part will be offered and described in music lessons, which will improve the communication skills of children up to three years. The paper will be used qualitative method research approach which will consist of a children’s activity monitoring, observation describe their interpretation of the results obtained and conclusions.Conclusions of the paper: in music lesson, it is possible to improve communication skills, using gestures, facial mimicry, body language, which is supplemented with is supplemented with voice intonation. Communication skills for children up to three years are non-verbal communication, whith includes facial mimicry, body language, gestures, different voice intonation and vocalization. Listening to music in music lessons should be used voice and body movements it easier to remember the musical material and can improve the communication skills of children up to three years
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