119,642 research outputs found

    Academic Performance and Single-Sex Schooling: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Switzerland

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    We study the effects of random assignment to coeducational and single-sex classes on the academic performance of female high school students. Our estimation results show that single-sex schooling improves the performance of female students in mathematics. This positive effect increases if the single-sex class is taught by a male teacher. An accompanying survey reveals that single-sex schooling also strengthens female students’ selfconfidence and renders the self-assessment of their mathematics skills more level-headed. Single-sex schooling thus has profound implications for human capital formation and the mind-set of female students.

    Keterampilan Berpikir Kritis Siswa SMP dalam Memecahkan Masalah Matematika Kontekstual Ditinjau dari Kemampuan Matematika dan Perbedaan Jenis Kelamin

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    This research aims to describe the critical thinking skills of junior high school students in solving contextual math problems in terms of mathematical ability and gender differences. The type of research used is descriptive qualitative research. The subjects in this research were 1 male and 1 female student with high mathematics ability, 1 male and 1 female student with moderate mathematics ability, and 1 male and 1 female student with low mathematics ability.Data were collected using test and interview techniques. The instruments used were Mathematics Ability Test (TKM), Problem Solving Test (TPM), and interview guidelines. Based on the results of the research, it can be concluded that the critical thinking skills of (1) male and female students with high mathematical ability met the indicators of interpretation, analysis, evolution (on argument proof, because in argument assessment only male students met the sub-indicator), inference, and explanation. Male students did not fulfill the indicators of self-regulation, while female students did. (2) Male and female students with moderate mathematics ability met the indicators of interpretation, inference, and explanation. Male students did not fulfill the indicators of analysis and self-regulation, while female students did. However, both did not fulfill the evaluation indicator. (3) Male and female students with low mathematics ability have many differences in critical thinking skills. Male students did not fulfill the indicators of interpretation, analysis, explanation, and evaluation. However, the self-regulation indicator is fulfilled. While female students fulfill the indicators of interpretation and analysis. Female students did not fulfill the indicators of evaluation, explanation, and self-regulation

    Gender Equity in Mathematics Achievement in East African Primary Schools: Context Counts

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    Although primary school enrollment is gradually on the increase in the developing world, differences in mathematics achievement between girls and boys persist. A complex combination of factors that is related to issues of the home environment, the school context, and national policy influences the performance of female students when compared to their male peers. We focus on three countries in East Africa with a female disadvantage in mathematics achievement and use data from 8,795 primary school students in 529 schools. We explore the influence of contextual factors and organizational processes that are associated with better overall performance and with the improved gender distribution of achievement.
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