44,003 research outputs found

    Entrepreneurship education and the role of the teacher in students’ entrepreneurial intentions: a conceptual and causal analysis

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    RESUMEN: Los modelos de conducta se han convertido en elementos importantes para inculcar valores, actitudes y comportamientos profesionales en los estudiantes, especialmente en el contexto del esp√≠ritu empresarial. Sin embargo, el papel de los profesores de emprendimiento como modelos a seguir no se ha explorado en profundidad. Es por ello que esta Tesis Doctoral se enfoca en determinar las caracter√≠sticas principales que hacen del profesor un buen ejemplo para los estudiantes de emprendimiento, es decir, las caracter√≠sticas que convertir√≠an al profesor en un potencial impulsor de la intenci√≥n empresarial entre ellos. Asimismo, se examina qu√© variables influyen en el proceso de formaci√≥n de intenciones del estudiante (caracter√≠sticas del profesor, identificaci√≥n con el profesor, competencias empresariales, actitud, norma subjetiva y control percibido) y, se eval√ļa si la presencia de un profesor considerado modelo de conducta y la educaci√≥n empresarial contribuyen a la mejora de las competencias empresariales y, por extensi√≥n, a la mejora de los antecedentes de la intenci√≥n y de esta misma.ABSTRACT: Role models have become important elements to instil professional values, attitudes and behaviours in students, especially in the entrepreneurship context. However, the role of entrepreneurship teachers as role models has not been explored in-depth. Based on this idea, this Doctoral Thesis is focused on determining the main characteristics that make the teacher a good role model for entrepreneurship students, that is, the characteristics that would turn the teacher into a potential driver of entrepreneurial intention among them. Likewise, it is examined which variables influence the process of forming the student's intentions (characteristics of the teacher, identification with the teacher, entrepreneurial skills, attitude, subjective norm and perceived control) and, it is also evaluated whether a teacher considered a role model and entrepreneurship education contribute to the improvement of entrepreneurial skills and, by extension, to the improvement of the intention and its background

    Fuentes externas de informaci√≥n para el desarrollo de innovaciones: un an√°lisis de la evidencia en Europa y Espa√Īa

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    p. 181-238La creciente complejidad y dinamismo que caracterizan los entornos actuales han obligado a las empresas a complementar su base interna de conocimientos con otros procedentes del exterior. As√≠, entre las diversas alternativas existentes, la cooperaci√≥n con clientes y usuarios en materia de innovaci√≥n se perfila como una de las m√°s importantes fuentes de ideas innovadoras. Por este motivo, el presente trabajo profundiza en el an√°lisis de distintas fuentes de informaci√≥n utilizadas por empresas europeas y espa√Īolas para el desarrollo de innovaciones, resaltando la importancia de las aportaciones realizadas por estos agentes. La investigaci√≥n se completa con un estudio emp√≠rico en el que se compara la influencia de cuatro tipos de cooperaci√≥n (con clientes, proveedores, universidades y expertos/ firmas consultoras) sobre la intensidad de la actividad innovadora en un conjunto de veinte sectores productivos espa√Īoles. De √©l se desprende que la colaboraci√≥n con clientes para el desarrollo de innovaciones incide significativamente sobre dicha intensidad y que es un buen indicador de la importancia que la organizaci√≥n otorga a estas actividades.S

    Access Technology, Bootcamp que brinda formaci√≥n en perfiles tecnol√≥gicos a personas con discapacidad en el Per√ļ

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    El presente emprendimiento social Access Technology tiene como prop√≥sito resolver el problema de la baja cuota de empleabilidad de las personas con discapacidad (PCD) en la ciudad de Lima. De acuerdo con el Instituto Nacional de Estad√≠stica e Inform√°tica, el 10.4% de los peruanos presentan alguna discapacidad (INEI, 2014, p. 9), y s√≥lo el 39.6% tienen un trabajo (INEI, 2015). Sin embargo, el 40% percibe un salario menor a la remuneraci√≥n m√≠nima vital y el 73.2% trabaja en puestos no adaptados a sus necesidades (INEI, 2014). Esta iniciativa brindar√° a las personas con dificultad para ver, moverse, y o√≠r; acceder a una educaci√≥n de calidad, para luego posicionarse en un puesto de trabajo en el sector tecnol√≥gico. Se busca, de esta manera, lograr su independencia econ√≥mica y mejorar su calidad de vida. Para ello se elabor√≥ un programa de capacitaci√≥n especializado (bootcamp), donde el alumno podr√° formarse en uno de los siguientes perfiles: ux/ui designer, front-end developer, back-end developer, big data analyst, y accessibility quality assurance tester. Access Technology es una soluci√≥n innovadora, escalable, deseable, viable y sostenible. Ante todo, el estudiante podr√° adquirir un cr√©dito estudiantil, realizar pr√°cticas y aplicar sus conocimientos en empresas de tecnolog√≠a, y lograr, al finalizar el programa, un posicionamiento laboral en un plazo m√°ximo de seis meses. Segundo, la soluci√≥n puede extenderse a otros departamentos del Per√ļ y a otras poblaciones vulnerables, como personas LGTBI, de bajo recursos e inmigrantes. Por otro lado, el 83% de las PCD entrevistadas est√°n dispuestas a firmar un acuerdo estudiantil aceptando el costo del bootcamp. Asimismo, el emprendimiento proyecta un VAN que supera el $ 1¬ī000,000.00 y arroja un TIR de 44.95%. Finalmente, se puede decir que la propuesta es sostenible, debido a que impactar√≠a la vida de m√°s de 2,000 PCD, los cuales formar√°n parte de la poblaci√≥n econ√≥micamente activa (PEA), y a la vez incidir√° en dos objetivos de desarrollo sostenible (ODS).Access Technology is a social entrepreneurship that solves the problem of low employability rate of people with disabilities (PWD) in the city of Lima. According to the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics (INEI), 10.4% of Peruvians have some type of disability (INEI, 2014, p. 9) and only 39.6% of that group has a job (INEI, 2015). However, 40% of workers receive a salary lower than the national living wage and 73.2% work in positions that are not adapted to their needs (INEI, 2014). This initiative will provide PWD (with vision, moving, walking, and hearing disabilities) access to quality education and a chance to apply for a job in the technology sector. Thereby, they will be able to achieve their economic independence and improve their quality of life. To achieve this, a specialized training program (bootcamp) in technology is created. This is where the student will become a specialist in one of the following profiles: ux/ui designer, front-end developer, back end developer, and accessibility quality assurance tester. There are many reasons to explain why Access Technology is an innovative, desirable, viable and sustainable solution. Firstly, PWCD will be able to acquire a student loan, carry out an internship and apply their knowledge in technology companies during their training. They will then prepare and assume a job position within a maximum period of 6 months. This is a scalable and exponential initiative because model businesses can extend to other regions of Peru and more vulnerable populations. Secondly, 83% of the PWD interviewed are willing to sign a student agreement accepting the cost of the bootcamp. Thirdly, the project has a VANF that exceeds one million dollars in the eighth year, and a TIRF of 44.95%. Finally, it will impact the lives of 2,548 PWD since they will be part of the economically active population (EAP), and at the same time it will impact on 2 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

    Proyecto Emprendimiento Social Ecoturismo Santa Catalina Bolívar

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    El presente proyecto tiene como prop√≥sito principal presentar el emprendimiento social ‚ÄúEcoturismo Santa Catalina Bol√≠var‚ÄĚ siendo este una propuesta con sentido social que busca mitigar y satisfacer las necesidades del municipio Bolivarense en cuanto a la generaci√≥n de empleo decente para las personas y esto a su vez conlleve al crecimiento econ√≥mico de forma general para toda la localidad. Se inicia con el objeto de dise√Īar y crear un hospedaje ecotur√≠stico con ambiente ecol√≥gico y costero que brinde un espacio sencillo, c√≥modo y tranquilo en cuanto a la variedad de turistas o consumidores del servicio que se puedan presentar, adem√°s de aprovechar los recursos naturales que brinda la regi√≥n para el uso de playas y exploraci√≥n ecol√≥gica. As√≠ mismo para la elaboraci√≥n del proyecto se utilizan m√©todos y apartados que fortalecen nuestra propuesta entre ellos el modelo para la creaci√≥n de productos Desing Thinking como herramienta esencial para darle valor comercial a la iniciativa social, adem√°s se conform√≥ la estrategia de mercado para verificar la viabilidad de la misma es decir a trav√©s de ella identificamos y trabajamos de la mejor forma la aceptaci√≥n de nuestra propuesta al mercado objetivo.The main purpose of this project is to present the social enterprise "Ecotourism Santa Catalina Bol√≠var", this being a proposal with a social sense that seeks to mitigate and satisfy the needs of the Bolivarense municipality in terms of generating decent employment for people and this in turn lead to economic growth in a general way for the entire locality. It begins with the purpose of designing and creating an ecotourism lodge with an ecological and coastal environment that provides a simple, comfortable and quiet space in terms of the variety of tourists or consumers of the service that can be presented, in addition to taking advantage of the natural resources that it offers the region for the use of beaches and ecological exploration. Likewise, for the development of the project, methods and sections are used that strengthen our proposal, including the model for the creation of Desing Thinking products as an essential tool to give commercial value to the social initiative, in addition, the market strategy was formed to verify viability of the same that is to say through it we identify and work in the best way the acceptance of our proposal to the target market

    How does firm ownership concentration and female directors influence tax haven foreign direct investment? Evidence from Asia-Pacific and OECD countries

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    The literature on tax havens utilization by multinational enterprises (MNEs) has largely focused on determinants that are financial or technological in nature. We contribute to this literature by showing important corporate governance determinants for tax haven utilization by Asia-Pacific and OECD country MNEs. Theoretically, we show that ownership concentration and female board membership influence tax haven utilization. Empirically, we show negative associations between ownership concentration and female board membership and the likelihood of owning a subsidiary in a tax haven. Based on our results, we draw a number of implications for theoretical and empirical work, which also opens the door for further investigation in this area

    Modelo de negocio para farmacia Santa Fe

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    Las farmacias en Medellín y en todo el país están evolucionando de ser depósitos de medicamentos al detal, a ser empresas especializadas en medicamentos con perfiles diferenciadores unas de otras. Farmacia Santa Fe está pensada como farmacia especializada en donde no solo se encuentren medicamentos de venta libre, sino también medicamentos poco comunes, enfocados en patologías especializadas, como una oportunidad de negocio que existe en la ciudad. Un modelo de negocio es una mirada estratégica en el proceso de creación de empresa orientada a tomar decisiones para reducir la mayor cantidad de riesgos posibles asociadas al emprendimiento. En el marco teórico se analizan diferentes estrategias de autores que han impactado históricamente el conocimiento y la práctica de la estrategia en lo referente al tema administrativo, enfocados en la estrategia empresarial, los cuales han desarrollado modelos a seguir que actualmente son utilizados por las más grandes empresas en el mundo. Se analizan factores externos e internos como DOFA, PESTEL, CANVAS, cinco fuerzas y el lienzo de la propuesta de valor.Pharmacies in Medellin and throughout the country are evolving from being warehouses of retail drugs to being companies specialized in drugs with differentiating profiles from each other. Farmacia Santa Fe is designed as a specialized pharmacy where not only over-the-counter drugs are found, but also rare drugs, focused on specialized pathologies as a business opportunity that exists in the city. A business model is a strategic look at the business creation process aimed at making decisions to reduce as many risks as possible associated with entrepreneurship. Different strategies of authors that have historically impacted the academy regarding the administrative issue focused on business strategy are analyzed, which have developed models to follow that are currently used by the largest companies in the world. To analysis external and internal factors such as DOFA, PESTEL, CANVAS, five forces and the CANVAS of the value proposition are carried out

    Lift EVERY Voice and Sing: An Intersectional Qualitative Study Examining the Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Queer Faculty and Administrators at Historically Black Colleges and Universities

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    While there is minimal literature that address the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trans* identified students at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), the experiences of Black, queer faculty and administrators at HBCUs has not been studied. This intersectional qualitative research study focused on the experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer identified faculty and administrators who work at HBCUs. By investigating the intersections of religion, race, gender, and sexuality within a predominantly Black institution, this study aims to enhance diversity, equity, and inclusion efforts at HBCUs by sharing the experiences of the LGBQ faculty and administrators that previously or currently work at an HBCU as a full-time employee. The research questions that guided this study were 1) How have LGBQ faculty and staff negotiated/navigated their careers at HBCUs? and 2) How do LGBQ faculty and staff at HBCUs influence cultural (relating to LGBQ inclusion) change at the organizational level? The main theoretical framework used was intersectionality and it shaped the chosen methodology and methods. The Politics of Respectability was the second theoretical framework used to describe the intra-racial tensions within the Black/African American community. The study included 60-120 minute interviews with 12 participants. Using intersectionality as a guide, the data were coded and utilized for thematic analysis. Then, an ethnodramatic performance engages readers. The goals of this study were to encourage policy changes, promote inclusivity for LGBQ employees at HBCUs, and provide an expansion to the body of literature in the field pertaining to the experiences of LGBQ faculty and administrators in higher education
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