37,442 research outputs found

    Awareness and perceptions of Long COVID among people in the REACT programme: early insights from a pilot interview study

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    BACKGROUND: Long COVID is a patient-made term describing new or persistent symptoms experienced following SARS-CoV-2 infection. The Real-time Assessment of Community Transmission-Long COVID (REACT-LC) study aims to understand variation in experiences following infection, and to identify biological, social, and environmental factors associated with Long COVID. We undertook a pilot interview study to inform the design, recruitment approach, and topic guide for the REACT-LC qualitative study. We sought to gain initial insights into the experience and attribution of new or persistent symptoms and the awareness or perceived applicability of the term Long COVID. METHODS: People were invited to REACT-LC assessment centres if they had taken part in REACT, a random community-based prevalence study, and had a documented history of SARS-CoV-2 infection. We invited people from REACT-LC assessment centres who had reported experiencing persistent symptoms for more than 12 weeks to take part in an interview. We conducted face to face and online semi-structured interviews which were transcribed and analysed using Thematic Analysis. RESULTS: We interviewed 13 participants (6 female, 7 male, median age 31). Participants reported a wide variation in both new and persistent symptoms which were often fluctuating or unpredictable in nature. Some participants were confident about the link between their persistent symptoms and COVID-19; however, others were unclear about the underlying cause of symptoms or felt that the impact of public health measures (such as lockdowns) played a role. We found differences in awareness and perceived applicability of the term Long COVID. CONCLUSION: This pilot has informed the design, recruitment approach and topic guide for our qualitative study. It offers preliminary insights into the varied experiences of people living with persistent symptoms including differences in symptom attribution and perceived applicability of the term Long COVID. This variation shows the value of recruiting from a nationally representative sample of participants who are experiencing persistent symptoms

    Vertiges posturaux-perceptuels persistants (VPPP) - Cas clinique et notions essentielles pour le généraliste [Persistent Postural-Perceptual Dizziness (PPPD) - A clinical case and essentials for the primary care medicine]

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    Persistent Postural-Perceptual Dizziness (PPPD) is a chronic functional disorder that manifests with symptoms of dizziness, unsteadiness or non-spinning vertigo that lasts for at least three months. These symptoms are exacerbated by upright posture, active or passive motion, and exposure to complex or moving visual stimuli. This -pathology has been known for a long time ago. Still, after an expert's consensus in 2017, this term was born, and some precise diagnostic criteria have been defined based on identifying key symptoms in the patient's clinical history. Treatment is multimodal, incorporating -vestibular rehabilitation, cognitive-behavior therapy, and serotonergic medication

    Impact of environmental heat exposure on the health status in farmworkers, Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand

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    Background. Thailand is a tropical developing country which has a serious increase in health risk due to hot weather exposure among outdoor workers. Objectives. The aims of this study were to compare the factors related to environmental heat exposure in three different seasons, and to assess the relationship between environmental heat and dehydration status in each season among farmworkers in Nakhon Ratchasima, Thailand. Methods. A semi-longitudinal study was carried out in 22 male farmworkers throughout a year of farming. The primary data were collected in farmworkers for socio-demographic information, clinical assessments, and heat-related illnesses. Results. Average of environmental heat index (Median, SD) were severe in summer (WBGT=38.1, 2.8°C), rainy season (WBGT=36.1, 2.1°C), and winter (WBGT=31.5, 2.7°C). Average urine Sp. Gr. in summer, rainy season, and winter were 1.022, 1.020, and 1.018 respectively. The third sentence should be corrected as follows: The Friedman analysis revealed a statistically significant difference between the three different seasons in WBGT (wet bulb globe temperature), body temperature, heart rate (P<0.01), and respiratory rate (P<0.05). There was a statistically significant difference between the three different seasons for skin rash/itching, dizziness, muscle cramp dyspnea (P<0.05), and weakness (P<0.01). Wilcoxon signed-ranks analysis found a significant difference in the medians of the paired sets of urine Sp. Gr. values between baseline and summer (P<0.05). Spearman's rank correlation coefficient did not find a relationship between WBGT and urine Sp. Gr. in the three different seasons. Conclusions. This study demonstrated that farmworkers had exposure to environmental heat stress which was expressed through physical changes. Therefore, there is a need for either interventions or guidelines to prevent dehydration for outdoor workers in this region

    The Relationship Between of Psychological Capital and School Counsellors Burnout : A Systematic Literature Review

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    This research aims to describe the relationship between psychological capital and school counsellors’ burnout. This research method employed a Systematic Literatur Review, collected reading material from various scientific articles (SCOPUS, EBSCO and SINTA) and subsequently compared relevant theories and research results. Based on the results of a literature study conducted, it was found that there was a significant relationship between psychological capital and school counsellors' burnout. A high state of psychological capital (hope, belief, resilience, and optimism) can provide energy for school counsellors to control behavior and reduce symptoms of burnout (fatigue, negative work environment, indifference to clients, feeling incompetent as a school counselor, and chaotic personal life). School Counsellors who have hope will have goals and know the way to achieve these goals. It makes the school counsellors able to overcome things that make theme burnout. School Counsellors will become more resilient, confident, and optimistic in carrying out their role as school counsellors

    Cannabis-opioid interaction in the treatment of fibromyalgia pain: an open-label, proof of concept study with randomization between treatment groups: cannabis, oxycodone or cannabis/oxycodone combination-the SPIRAL study

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    BACKGROUND: Opioids continue to be widely prescribed for chronic noncancer pain, despite the awareness that opioids provide only short-time pain relief, lead to dose accumulation, have numerous adverse effects, and are difficult to wean. As an alternative, we previously showed advantages of using pharmaceutical-grade cannabis in a population of chronic pain patients with fibromyalgia. It remains unknown whether combining an opioid with pharmaceutical-grade cannabis has advantages, such as fewer side effects from lesser opioid consumption in chronic pain. METHODS: Trial design: a single-center, randomized, three-arm, open-label, exploratory trial. Trial population: 60 patients with fibromyalgia according to the 2010 definition of the American College of Rheumatologists. INTERVENTION: Patients will be randomized to receive up to 4 daily 5 mg oral oxycodone sustained release (SR) tablet, up to 5 times 150 mg inhaled cannabis (Bediol®, containing 6.3% Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol and 8% cannabidiol), or the combination of both treatments. Treatment is aimed at self-titration with the daily maximum doses given. Treatment will continue for 6 weeks, after which there is a 6-week follow-up period. Main trial endpoint: The number of side effects observed during the course of treatment using a composite adverse effect score that includes the following 10 symptoms: dizziness (when getting up), sleepiness, insomnia, headache, nausea, vomiting, constipation, drug high, hallucinations, and paranoia. Secondary and tertiary endpoints include pain relief and number of oxycodone doses and cannabis inhalations. DISCUSSION: The trial is designed to determine whether self-titration of oxycodone and cannabis will reduce side effects in chronic pain patients with fibromyalgia. TRIAL REGISTRATION {2A AND 2B}: EU trial register 2019-001861-33, URL https://www.clinicaltrialsregister.eu , on July 17, 2019; World Health Organization International Clinical Trials Research Platform NL7902, URL https://trialsearch.who.int , on July 26, 2019

    The signs of computer tomography combined with artificial intelligence can indicate the correlation between status of consciousness and primary brainstem hemorrhage of patients

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    BackgroundFor patients of primary brainstem hemorrhage (PBH), it is crucial to find a method that can quickly and accurately predict the correlation between status of consciousness and PBH.ObjectiveTo analyze the value of computer tomography (CT) signs in combination with artificial intelligence (AI) technique in predicting the correlation between status of consciousness and PBH.MethodsA total of 120 patients with PBH were enrolled from August 2011 to March 2021 according to the criteria. Patients were divided into three groups [consciousness, minimally conscious state (MCS) and coma] based on the status of consciousness. Then, first, Mann–Whitney U test and Spearman rank correlation test were used on the factors: gender, age, stages of intracerebral hemorrhage, CT signs with AI or radiology physicians, hemorrhage involving the midbrain or ventricular system. We collected hemorrhage volumes and mean CT values with AI. Second, those significant factors were screened out by the Mann–Whitney U test and those highly or moderately correlated by Spearman’s rank correlation test, and a further ordinal multinomial logistic regression analysis was performed to find independent predictors of the status of consciousness. At last, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were drawn to calculate the hemorrhage volume for predictively assessing the status of consciousness.ResultsPreliminary meaningful variables include hemorrhage involving the midbrain or ventricular system, hemorrhage volume, grade of hematoma shape and density, and CT value from Mann–Whitney U test and Spearman rank correlation test. It is further shown by ordinal multinomial logistic regression analysis that hemorrhage volume and hemorrhage involving the ventricular system are two major predictors of the status of consciousness. It showed from ROC that the hemorrhage volumes of &lt;3.040 mL, 3.040 ~ 6.225 mL and &gt;6.225 mL correspond to consciousness, MCS or coma, respectively. If the hemorrhage volume is the same, hemorrhage involving the ventricular system should be correlated with more severe disorders of consciousness (DOC).ConclusionCT signs combined with AI can predict the correlation between status of consciousness and PBH. Hemorrhage volume and hemorrhage involving the ventricular system are two independent factors, with hemorrhage volume in particular reaching quantitative predictions

    Annual SHOT Report 2018

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    SHOT is affiliated to the Royal College of PathologistsAll NHS organisations must move away from a blame culture towards a just and learning culture. All clinical and laboratory staff should be encouraged to become familiar with human factors and ergonomics concepts. All transfusion decisions must be made after carefully assessing the risks and benefits of transfusion therapy. Collaboration and co-ordination among staff is vital

    Ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761® improves cognition and overall condition after ischemic stroke: Results from a pilot randomized trial

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    Background: Patients who experienced an ischemic stroke are at risk for cognitive impairment. Quantified Ginkgo biloba extract EGb 761® has been used to treat cognitive dysfunction, functional impairment and neuropsychiatric symptoms in mild cognitive impairment and dementia.Objectives: To assess the cognitive-related effects of EGb 761® treatment in patients after acute ischemic stroke, as well as the feasibility of patient selection and outcome measures.Methods: We conducted a randomized, multicentric, open-label trial at 7 centers in China. Patients scoring 20 or lower on the National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale were enrolled between 7 and 14 days after stroke onset and randomly assigned to receive 240 mg per day of EGb 761® or no additional therapy for 24 weeks in a 1:1 ratio. Both groups received standard treatments for the prevention of recurrent stroke during the trial. General cognitive function and a battery of cognitive tests for sub-domains were evaluated at 24 weeks. All patients were monitored for adverse events.Results: 201 patients ≥50 years old were included, with 100 assigned to the EGb 761® group and 101 to the reference group. The mean change from baseline on the global cognitive function as assessed by the Montreal Cognitive Assessment score was 2.92 in the EGb 761® group and 1.33 in the reference group (between-group difference: 1.59 points; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.51 to 2.67; p &lt; 0.005). For cognitive domains, EGb 761® showed greater effects on the Hopkins Verbal Learning Test Total Recall (EGb 761® change 1.40 vs. reference −0.49) and Form 1 of the Shape Trail Test (EGb 761® change −38.2 vs. reference −15.6). Potentially EGb 761®-related adverse events occurred in no more than 3% of patients.Conclusion: Over the 24-week period, EGb 761® treatment improved overall cognitive performance among patients with mild to moderate ischemic stroke. Our findings provide valuable recommendations for the design of future trials, including the criteria for patient selection.Clinical Trial Registration:www.isrctn.com, identifier ISRCTN11815543

    Hypoglycemia: A Mimic of Global Ischemic Injury

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